NIH study links air pollution to increase in newborn intensive care admissions

Green Car Congress

Infants born to women exposed to high levels of air pollution in the week before delivery are more likely to be admitted to a newborn intensive care unit (NICU), suggests an analysis by researchers at the US National Institutes of Health (NIH). Depending on the type of pollution, chances for NICU admission increased from about 4% to as much as 147%, compared to infants whose mothers did not encounter high levels of air pollution during the week before delivery.

2019 76

DOE: highway vehicles responsible for a declining share of pollutants

Green Car Congress

Highway vehicles are responsible for a declining share of pollutants in the US, according to data gathered by the US Department of Energy (DOE). More than half of all carbon monoxide (CO) emissions in 2002 were from highway vehicles; by 2016 that fell to 30%.

2017 78

Trending Sources

DOE: despite 13% rise in VMT from 2002-2015, pollution down significantly

Green Car Congress

Despite an increase in vehicle miles traveled (VMT) of 13% from 2002 to 2015 (the latest year for which data are available), the total amount of airborne pollutants emitted from highway vehicles has declined considerably, according to the US Department of Energy (DOE).

2017 78

USC study suggests early life exposure to near-road air pollution contributes to increased obesity risk in children

Green Car Congress

A study lead by a team from the University of Southern California has found that higher exposure to early life near-road air pollution (NRAP) increased the rate of change of childhood body mass index (BMI) and resulted in a higher attained BMI at age 10 years that were independent of later childhood exposures. These findings suggest that modifiable environmental factors such as air pollution exposures may be contributing to the obesity epidemic.

2018 78

Study links traffic-related pollution to risk of asthma in children

Green Car Congress

Chan School of Public Health suggests that long-term exposure to traffic-related pollution significantly increases the risk of pediatric asthma, especially in early childhood. While physicians have long known that smog and pollution can bring on an asthma attack among children and adults suffering from asthma, researchers remained uncertain about what role long-term exposure to certain pollutants might play in the development of the disease in children.

2018 60

Upwards of 90% of EU city dwellers exposed to PM2.5 and O3 pollution at levels deemed harmful by WHO

Green Car Congress

Despite a decline in emissions of the main air pollutants in Europe in the period 2002–2011, around 90% of city dwellers in the European Union (EU) are exposed to PM 2.5 decreased by 14% and 16% respectively in the EU between 2002 and 2011.

2013 101

10-year study shows how air pollution fosters heart disease; accelerated plaque build-up in arteries

Green Car Congress

Long-term exposure to particulate air pollution has been linked to an increased risk of heart disease, but the biological process has not been understood. A major, decade-long study of thousands of Americans has now found that people living in areas with more outdoor pollution—even at lower levels common in the United States—accumulate deposits in the arteries that supply the heart faster than do people living in less polluted areas.

2016 73

Study: even relatively low levels of air pollution appear to affect a child’s lungs

Green Car Congress

In a paper published in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care , researchers report that children exposed to higher levels of air pollution—even if relatively low—including fine particulate matter (PM 2.5 ) and soot (black carbon), had worse lung function than those living in less polluted areas. Pollution exposures were not associated with the FEV1/FVC ratio, or bronchodilator response.

2016 65

Comparative study finds that B20 increases emission rates of a number of pollutants in both light- and medium-duty diesel engines at idle

Green Car Congress

They found that the level of emissions of regulated and unregulated pollutants in diesel exhaust depends on fuel, load, engine calibration, and exhaust aftertreatment technology. Unregulated pollutants also include ozone precursors and bioaccumulative and toxic compounds.

2012 104

Study Measures Impact of Biodiesel on Non-Regulated Pollutants in Heavy-Duty Engine

Green Car Congress

A team from the US National Renewable Energy Laboratory and the Colorado School of Mines has measured gas phase and particle-associated non-regulated pollutant emissions from a heavy-duty engine operating both with and without a catalyzed DPF and operating on biodiesel fuel. Experiments were conducted on a 2002 model year 5.9

2010 74

BMW H2 BS

Plugs and Cars

The 7 Series has get a combined sub-20mpg and has an air pollution index of 6 out of 10. For comparison purposes, the 2002 Toyota RAV4 EV plug-in electric car has a mpg(equivalent) of over 100; and a best possible air pollution index of 10.) Terry Tamminen, Arnold's green guru, showed up at the Santa Monica AltCar Show in a BMW Hydrogen 7. Mr. "Lives Per Gallon" ought to be ashamed to lend his name to BMW's greenwashing.

2007 100

Tahoe: Hybrid vs. Flex Fuel

Hybrid SUV Blog

Chevy has been offering vehicles with engines capable of running on flexible fuels since 2002. However, E85 also increases emissions of acetaldehyde—a toxic pollutant. On my way to work this morning a pulled up to a stoplight directly behind what I thought was a hybrid Chevrolet Tahoe.

Tahoe 67

NOAA, partners find about 98% decline in VOCs concentrations in LA Basin over last 50 years despite 3x increase in use of gasoline and diesel

Green Car Congress

A scatter plot of CO, as a tracer for pollution, versus CO 2 , as a tracer for the amount of combustion, for 2002 and 2010. Even though the CO 2 enhancements over background were comparable in the two years, about 25 ppm in 2002 and 35 ppm in 2010, the ?CO/?CO2 Between 2002 and 2010 alone, the concentration of VOCs dropped by half, according to a new study by NOAA scientists and colleagues, published in the AGU’s Journal of Geophysical Research.

2012 94

Hydrogen Hyped: BMW Does Pogue

Plugs and Cars

One altfuel epiphany Pogue blogged in May, 2006 came watching The Amazing Race 9 (CBS) in Brazil, where sugar cane-based ethanol has eliminated petroleum imports and reduced pollution. He concludes his blogpost: Dudes–no matter what color your political flag, doesn’t everyone agree that pollution is bad, high fuel prices are bad, and that the oil reserves are going to run out eventually? I invite Mr. Pogue to take a ride "back to the future" in my 2002 Toyota RAV4 EV.

2007 100

Plug-In Hybrids (or Plugin Hybrids)

Tony Karrer Delicious EVdriven

But theyve needed definitive proof that PHEVs wont increase pollution. About CalCars Plug-In Hybrids FAQ How to Get a PHEV Where PHEVs are Car-Makers Say.

Study finds shipping emissions in East Asia contribute to up to 37.5K premature deaths each year

Green Car Congress

A study by a team of researchers from China and the US has shown that shipping emissions in East Asia accounted for 16% of global shipping CO 2 in 2013, compared to only 4–7% in 2002–2005. Further, increased emissions of traditional criteria pollutants from the shipping sector lead to large adverse health impacts, with 14,500–37,500 premature deaths per year.

2016 60

EPA proposes approval of new ozone plans for the two of the worst Air Quality Zones in US: California’s San Joaquin Valley and South Coast

Green Car Congress

These new SIPs demonstrate that, by 2024, pollution will be reduced to the level needed to attain the 1997 8-hour ozone standard of 0.08 ppm by 2024, NO x will have to be reduced by 75% and VOCs by 25% from 2002 levels. ppm by 2024, NO x will have to be reduced by 90% and VOCs by 52% from 2002 levels. In both areas, statewide measures such as the in-use truck and off-road diesel rules, and smog-check improvements will further reduce air pollution.

2011 81

Electrified Blondes in Convertibles For Everyone!

Creative Greenius

In 2002 when she was just a freshman California Assemblywoman, this former school teacher worked with Bluewater Network (which later merged with Friends of the Earth ) to author the Assembly Bill that made California the first state to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in automobiles.

UNECE adopts three new regulations to improve the safety and environmental performance of motor vehicles

Green Car Congress

The regulation stipulates that manufacturers shall demonstrate that their vehicles meet these requirements, based on the calculation method prescribed in ISO standard 22628:2002, before they can be put on the market. Japan also introduced similar legislation in 2002(Act No. 87 of July 12, 2002). according to the specifications of relevant UN Regulations on the emission of air pollutants of heavy duty vehicles and non-road mobile machinery: UN Regulations No.

2013 74

Main Page - EAA-PHEV

Tony Karrer Delicious EVdriven

They use cheap, clean, and domestic electricity for short trips and daily commutes, displacing or eliminating oil consumption and CO2 pollution. Formed in 2002, our efforts for "100+MPG Hybrids" took off when we built PRIUS+ , the worlds first plug-in Prius).

PHEV 55

Rice/EPA study finds ground-level ozone falling faster than CMAQ model predicted

Green Car Congress

Researchers from Rice University and the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) report in a paper in the journal Atmospheric Chemistry that particularly in Northeastern cities, ozone levels dropped even beyond what was anticipated by cutting emissions of NO x from 2002 to 2006. In 2002, the EPA implemented a cap-and-trade program known as the NO x SIP Call to curtail emissions of ozone-forming NO x from industries in Eastern states. from 2002 to 2006.

Ozone 76

CalCars and PHEVs Frequently Asked Questions

Tony Karrer Delicious EVdriven

Dont PHEVs just shift pollution from gasoline cars to power plants? But its monumentally less pollution , even on the national (half-coal) grid. About CalCars Plug-In Hybrids FAQ How to Get a PHEV Where PHEVs are Car-Makers Say.

2009 44

Electric Car Manufacturers Inspire New Paradigms -- Seeking Alpha

Tony Karrer Delicious EVdriven

The Think City was short-lived in the States with production halting in 2002 after just 1005 cars had been assembled. Several global indicators on the supply of oil and the known carbon pollution environmental damages its caused all lead us to find cleaner ways of transportation.

2009 42

Green Automotive Company to Acquire Going Green Limited, biggest retailer of EVs in Europe

Green Car Congress

GoinGreen was founded in 2002 with the mission to minimize the effects of climate change by encouraging carbon-neutral motoring. As other regions and cities adopt measures to reduce urban pollution we anticipate Green Automotive moving quickly to establish GoinGreen franchises in many areas, including the US, introducing our high quality, unique range of EVs and e-bikes, and, most importantly, providing a full range of after-sales support.

G-Wiz 81

GM, Segway partner on two-wheel city vehicle | Green Tech - CNET News

Tony Karrer Delicious EVdriven

The prototype vehicle, called Project PUMA (Personal Urban Mobility and Accessibility), is designed to ease congestion and pollution problems in cities. He started at CNET News in 2002, covering IT and Web development. These PUMAs dont pollute the air, they dont make loud noises, and they go slow enough to prevent a lot of traffic accidents, especially for teens.

2009 41

GM Says Chevrolet Volt Won't 'Pay the Rent' | Autopia from Wired.com

Tony Karrer Delicious EVdriven

I had surmised this in my 2002 car design thesis [link] even before anyone was talking about plug in series hybrids. The mines in Canada where the nickel & cadmium are mined is one of the most polluted places on Earth. Wired Home Subscribe Sections Cars 2.0

2009 47

Satellite altimeter data study finds global ship traffic up 4x over past 20 years

Green Car Congress

Maritime traffic on the world’s oceans has increased four-fold over the past 20 years, likely causing more water, air and noise pollution on the open seas, according to a new study quantifying global ship traffic. The number of ships traversing the oceans grew by 60% between 1992 and 2002. Tournadre said he hopes the new study will increase scientists’ understanding of how human activities are affecting marine ecosystems and improve models of atmospheric pollution in the open ocean.

2014 78

Plug In America - Links and Resources

Tony Karrer Delicious EVdriven

Sign the petition Protect the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge www.sierraclub.org/arctic/ American Lung Association call for better EPA air pollution standards. Wakefield, 1998 "Taken For a Ride: Detroit's Big Three and the politics of pollution" by Jack Doyle Books on Peak Oil and Energy Transition "Beyond Oil: The view from Hubbert's Peak", by Kenneth S. Learn About Plug-ins What Are Plug-ins? Where Can I Buy One?

EV1 29

California Air Resources Board approves 2014 Honda Plug-in Hybrid Accord as first LEV3/SULEV20 vehicle on sale

Green Car Congress

In 2002, the 2003 Civic Hybrid was the first certified Advanced Technology Partial Zero-Emission Vehicle. (AT When fully in force in 2025, the new set of standards will reduce smog-causing pollutants from low-emission vehicles 75% from current levels, and greenhouse gases by 34%.

2012 80

Smart-grid project matches wind to electric cars | Green Tech - CNET News

Tony Karrer Delicious EVdriven

He started at CNET News in 2002, covering IT and Web development.

California ARB Holds Workshop to Launch Effort Help Develop Next-Generation Cars; Linking LEV III, Pavley II and ZEV

Green Car Congress

The standards were formerly known as “LEV III” (for the third stage of the Low Emission Vehicle standards) and “Pavley II” (for the second, post-2016 stage of California’s pioneering greenhouse gas standard, established under AB 1493, the 2002 law authored by California state senator Fran Pavley). The next-generation car will have reductions of greenhouse gas emissions beyond the 30% mandated by that standard while continuing to improve on reductions of smog-forming pollutants.

2010 76

California ARB Expands Assistance Program for Truckers to Reduce Diesel Emissions

Green Car Congress

The program is geared to help small California-based fleets replace their older, polluting trucks with newer, cleaner models. Previously, the maximum amount of a voucher was $35,000; Trucks with 2002 and older engines may qualify for a newer truck. The California Air Resources Board approved changes to an existing $28 million financial assistance program this week that will significantly help more California independent truckers qualify for the purchase of a cleaner-running vehicle.

2010 68

ABAT and Wuxi Angell Autocycle Introduce Three Hybrid Motorcycles

Green Car Congress

The new design increases total driving distance and optimizes the use of electric power to achieve 35% pollution reduction and a 20% increase in fuel efficiency, compared to comparable gasoline motorcycle engines. Wuxi Angell, founded in 2002, develops and manufactures various types of electric vehicles, including electric bikes, agricultural transport vehicle and electric sports utility vehicles. Advanced Battery Technologies, Inc.

2009 60

EU publishes new common noise assessment methods

Green Car Congress

Comparable data on noise exposure in Europe is a prerequisite to set up EU policies to reduce noise pollution, a growing health and economic concern all over Europe. The Environmental Noise Directive, introduced in 2002, requires Member States to determine the exposure to environmental noise through strategic noise mapping and elaborate action plans for noise reduction.

2012 71

Stanford Professor Urges EPA to Include Black Carbon in Endangerment Finding

Green Car Congress

Jacobson first showed in 2000 that black carbon was the second-leading cause of global warming after carbon dioxide in terms of radiative forcing and, in 2002, that its control was the most effective method of slowing warming. Further, controlling soot will significantly reduce particulate air pollution deaths. The first found that globally-emitted CO 2 increases US air pollution deaths by about 1,000 each year per 1.8 °F,

2009 60

EPA updates rules to ease commercialization of alternative fuel conversion systems

Green Car Congress

While properly engineered conversion systems can reduce or at least not increase emissions, poorly designed systems can lead to much more pollution. MY 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009 and < useful life mileage. The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has updated rules making it easier for manufacturers to sell fuel conversion systems—i.e., systems that alter a conventionally-fueled vehicle or engine to enable it to run on an alternative fuel.

CMU team identifies IVOCs emissions from on-road gasoline vehicles and small off-road engines as important SOA precursors

Green Car Congress

The relationships between IVOCs and other pollutants were examined to develop methods for estimating IVOC emissions from existing data. IVOC emissions were also measured from five SOREs used in lawn and garden equipment, including two 2-stroke and three 4-stroke engines manufactured between 2002 and 2006.

2016 60

Final session on international mercury convention this week expected to culminate in agreement; UNEP Global Mercury Assessment 2013 finds industrial source Hg emissions may be rising

Green Car Congress

Apart from contaminated sites, the mercury pollution detected today is often found in locations very far away from its original source. UNEP produced its first Global Mercury Assessment in 2002 and a subsequent study in 2007.

2013 115

MIT team finds lead levels higher in Indian Ocean than northern Atlantic and Pacific oceans

Green Car Congress

The result, he says, is that the Indian Ocean has had less time than the Atlantic and Pacific to dissipate lead pollution. They found that lead levels began to increase in the mid-1970s, peaking in 2002 and 2003 before beginning to decline—a timeline consistent with the region’s pattern of industrialization and leaded gasoline use. “It

2012 71

US DOE Announces up to $40M for Designing and Planning Next Generation Nuclear Plants; Integration of Nuclear Process Heat and Hydrogenwith Other Industrial Processes

Green Car Congress

transportation sectors, reducing fuel use and pollution and improving on the. program (Gen IV) in FY 2002. Illustration of the integration of a high temperature. gas-cooled reactor with commercial manufacturing, hydrogen production, and. the generation of electricity. Source: INL.

2009 96

EPA Proposes to Streamline Approval Process for Fuel Conversion Systems

Green Car Congress

While properly engineered conversion systems can reduce or at least not increase emissions, poorly designed systems can lead to much more pollution. MY 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008 and < useful life mileage. The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is proposing to make it easier for manufacturers to gain approval to sell fuel conversion systems.

Study concludes a shift from gasoline to diesel engines is consistent with long-term climate mitigation efforts

Green Car Congress

After the UK had begun taxing vehicles according to CO 2 emissions, the share of registered new diesel cars increased from 26% in 2002 to 38% in 2005. The study also focused on climate impacts alone, without comparing with the adverse health impact caused by the air pollution.

2012 101

Toyota Concerned About Market Viability of Plug-ins, Sees Clear Path to Commercialization of Fuel Cell Technology in 2015

Green Car Congress

As Toyota learned with the introduction of the Prius and its efforts on the 2002 RAV4 EV, O’Brien said, it is difficult to force technology adoption by consumers. The California ARB is in the process of redesigning its Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) program to affect the 2015+ model years, with a focus on reducing greenhouse gases as well as criteria pollutants, and with an emphasis on plug-in hybrid, electric and fuel cell vehicles.

2009 81