Canadian study links exposure to ultrafine particle air pollution to brain cancer

Green Car Congress

million adults included in multiple cycles of the Canadian Census Health and Environment Cohorts (1991, 1996, 2001, and 2006). They followed cohort members for malignant brain tumors between 2001 and 2016; Cox proportional hazards models (stratified by age, sex, immigration status, and census cycle) were used to estimate hazard ratios (HRs) adjusting for fine particle mass concentrations (PM 2.5 ), nitrogen dioxide (NO 2 ), and various sociodemographic factors.

2019 107

Air pollution regulations over last decade in Chinese city has halved health costs

Green Car Congress

The study is the first to document the health and economic benefits of policies to reduce the burden of air pollution in a highly polluted area of China, and provides a model to measure how policies to improve air quality can protect human health. To combat air pollution, the Shanxi Provincial Government implemented many new environmental policies and regulations. The cost of premature death due to air pollution decreased by 3.83

2014 78

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Trending Sources

Canada publishes proposed regulations for criteria pollutants from locomotives

Green Car Congress

This marks Canada’s first regulation of air pollutant emissions from locomotives. 1973–2001. The Government of Canada has published proposed Locomotive Emissions Regulations in the Canada Gazette, Part I. The proposed regulations will criteria air contaminants (CACs), from locomotives operated by railway companies under federal jurisdiction through increasingly stringent emission standards and reduced idling.

2016 60

BP agrees to add more than $400M in pollution controls at Whiting Refinery and pay $8M Clean Air Act penalty

Green Car Congress

has agreed to pay an $8 million penalty and invest more than $400 million to install advanced pollution controls and cut emissions from BP’s petroleum refinery in Whiting, Ind. When fully implemented, the agreement is expected to reduce harmful air pollution that can cause respiratory problems such as asthma and are significant contributors to acid rain, smog and haze, by more than 4,000 tons per year.

2012 78

Latest GHG Inventory shows California remains below 2020 emissions target; much steeper rate of GHG reductions required

Green Car Congress

The data shows a slight increase in overall emissions from the previous year, and a slight decline in emissions from transportation, which is the state’s main source of both GHGs and air pollutants. Per capita GHG emissions in California have dropped from a 2001 peak of 14.0

2020 85

Satellite study suggests California clean air regulations working to reduce PM2.5 emissions in state

Green Car Congress

pollution in the state. is especially burdensome in California and accounts for the greatest percentage of health impacts attributable to air pollution. The study demonstrates the success of California’s air pollution control programs, regulations, enforcement efforts and clean-air plans in regions with the greatest air quality challenges: Southern California and the southern Central Valley.

2018 86

XL delivers 154 hybrid GMC Savana vans to CalVans; largest single hybrid van deployment in California

Green Car Congress

Since 2001, CalVans has been working to reduce its total number of vehicle miles traveled annually, while also reducing greenhouse emissions. CalVans is dedicated to improving air quality for communities most impacted by pollution by increasing access to clean transportation.

2019 79

EPA issues ANPR on Clean Trucks Initiative, seeking input from public and stakeholders

Green Car Congress

The eventual CTI rulemaking will establish new, more stringent emission standards for NO x and other pollutants for highway heavy-duty engines. EPA last revised NO x standards for on-highway heavy-duty trucks and engines in January 2001. The US EPA issued an Advance Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (ANPR) for the Cleaner Trucks Initiative (CTI).

2020 60

Study finds living near major traffic linked to higher risk of dementia

Green Car Congress

This study adds weight to previous observations suggesting that roadway traffic is an important source of environmental stressors that could give rise to neurological disorders and that future investigation targeting the effects of different aspects of traffic such as traffic-related air pollutants and noise on neurological health is merited. million; dementia or Parkinson’s disease cohort) who resided in Ontario, Canada on 1 April 2001.

2017 60

California ARB: GHG emissions fell below 1990 levels for first time in 2016; down 13% from 2004 peak; transportation emissions up 2%

Green Car Congress

The state’s latest Greenhouse Gas Emissions Inventory shows that California emitted 429 million metric tons of climate pollutants in 2016—a drop of 12 million metric tons, or three percent, from 2015. They fell 23% from a peak of 14 metric tons per person (roughly equal to driving 34,000 miles) in 2001 to 10.8 The carbon intensity of California’s economy has dropped 38% since the 2001 peak and is now one-half the national average.

2018 80

Motiv Power Systems delivering 7 electric walk-in vans to USPS as part of CARB program; deployment in Central Valley

Green Car Congress

Most of the immediate project benefits will accrue in the San Joaquin Valley, an economically disadvantaged area with some of the highest pollution burdens in the country, as evidenced by CalEnviroScreen scores within the worst five percent in the state. Since 2001, the USPS has operated 30 electric two-ton vehicles on the streets of New York City, and these were later joined by a pair of two-ton hybrid electric vehicles in Long Island.

2019 78

Study: long-term exposure to PM2.5 associated with numerous types of cancer

Green Car Congress

Long-term exposure to ambient PM 2.5 , a mixture of environmental pollutants, was associated with increased risk of mortality for many types of cancer in an elderly Hong Kong population, according to a study published in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention , a journal of the American Association for Cancer Research. For this study, Thach, Thomas, and colleagues enrolled 66,280 people who were age 65 or older when initially recruited between 1998 and 2001.

2016 85

California Air Resources Board approves 2014 Honda Plug-in Hybrid Accord as first LEV3/SULEV20 vehicle on sale

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In 2001, the 2001 Civic GX powered by compressed natural gas was the first certified Advanced Technology Partial Zero-Emission Vehicle (AT PZEV). When fully in force in 2025, the new set of standards will reduce smog-causing pollutants from low-emission vehicles 75% from current levels, and greenhouse gases by 34%.

2012 81

ICCT analysis finds real-world vehicle fuel consumption gap in Europe at all-time high of 42%

Green Car Congress

However, says Dr. Peter Mock, Managing Director of ICCT Europe, since 2001 Europe has seen the largest increase in its gap. Since 2001, the discrepancy between official measurements of vehicle efficiency and actual performance of new cars in everyday driving has more than quadrupled (from 9% to 42%)—a discrepancy that translates into €400 (US$465) per year in extra fuel costs for the average vehicle.

2017 65

EPA proposes approval of new ozone plans for the two of the worst Air Quality Zones in US: California’s San Joaquin Valley and South Coast

Green Car Congress

The worst sites in California have demonstrated a 52% improvement in ozone from 1976 to 2010, a 29% improvement in fine particulate matter (PM 2.5 ) from 2001 to 2010, an 84% improvement in carbon monoxide from 1970 to 2009, and a 92% improvement in sulfur dioxide from 1970 to 2009. These new SIPs demonstrate that, by 2024, pollution will be reduced to the level needed to attain the 1997 8-hour ozone standard of 0.08 Children and the elderly are most impacted by ozone pollution.

2011 83

Swiss team concludes that particulate filters should be mandatory for GDI engines

Green Car Congress

Based on a three-year study of toxic and environmentally relevant pollutants from gasoline direct injection (GDI) engines, Swiss researchers have concluded that some GDI engines emit just as many soot particles as unfiltered diesel cars did in the past. In the spring 2014, the GasOMeP project (Gasoline Vehicle Emission Control for Organic, Metallic and Particulate Non-Legislative Pollutants) got underway.

2017 92

Plug-In Hybrids (or Plugin Hybrids)

Tony Karrer Delicious EVdriven

But theyve needed definitive proof that PHEVs wont increase pollution. CA, NY, MA and other states have had Zero-Emission Vehicle programs since the early 1990s because battery electric vehicles in those states, taking into account power plants, are far cleaner than gasoline cars in reducing urban air pollution and smog. model in 2001 by the DOEs Argonne National Lab estimates hybrids reduce greenhouse gases by 22%, and plug-in hybrids by 36% (see table 2).

The View From Here Today

Creative Greenius

In 2001 she terminated our grass lawns and replaced them with drought tolerant plants because of her concerns for water use. We’re also only 12 miles from the Port of Los Angeles and the Port of Long Beach – the two largest stationary sources off air pollution and all their related greenhouse gases in L.A. I contributed the following to the World Wildlife Climate Witness site last week and it was published this morning.

2009 109

NOx emissions exceeded limits in 12 European countries in 2010

Green Car Congress

Air pollution emitted from sources such as traffic, industry and households is still above internationally agreed limits in 12 European countries, according to newly published data. Under the NEC Directive, countries were obliged, by 2010, to meet ceilings for four important air pollutants: nitrogen oxides (NO x ), non-methane volatile organic compounds (NMVOC), sulfur dioxide (SO 2 ) and ammonia (NH 3 ). Since 2001, Member States have been working towards meeting these ceilings.

2010 84

The Greenius Goes Into Overdrive

Creative Greenius

The EPN has been around since 2001 and to be honest, I should have gotten involved with them a long time ago. The EPN has been doing the job our local governments have failed to do – they’re educating the public about the scientific facts about energy, about transportation, about waste, about water, about pollution and most of all about climate change. The Greenius in Yosemite.

2009 100

Reva EVs to Be Built in New York State

Green Car Congress

REVA, India’s first zero polluting electric vehicle for city mobility, was commercialized in June 2001. Bannon Automotive, LLC, will invest $26.6 million to open a plug-in electric vehicle manufacturing facility in Onondaga County. Bannon will use technology based on that developed by REVA Electric Car Company Private, Ltd., RECC) to build REVA’s NXR model ( earlier post ), which was recently introduced to the public at the Frankfurt Auto Show in Germany.

REVA 69

Study shows bamboo ethanol in China technically and economically feasible, cost-competitive with gasoline

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Establishment of a biofuel industry in China is therefore an attractive solution to manage the problems of environmental pollution, energy independence and rural development within the transport sector. In its development of biofuel policy, China’s 10 th five-year plan (2001–2005) proposed a biofuel industry to utilize surplus grain stocks.

2013 113

Plug In America - Links and Resources

Tony Karrer Delicious EVdriven

Sign the petition Protect the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge www.sierraclub.org/arctic/ American Lung Association call for better EPA air pollution standards. Westbrook, 2001 "Gasoline to Electric Conversion Manual: A Workshop Guide for High Schools", published by the Electric Vehicle Society of Canada, July 2005 "History of the Electric Automobile: Hybrid electric vehicles", by Ernest H. Learn About Plug-ins What Are Plug-ins? Where Can I Buy One?

EV1 29

Berkeley Lab releases 8th edition of databook on China’s energy and environment; finding the “missing” energy consumption

Green Car Congress

Levels of sulfur dioxide, a pollutant emitted largely by power plants, and chemical oxygen demand, a measure of organic pollution in the water, are down even as CO 2 emissions have continued to rise. What they don’t report is PM 2.5 , which has moved to a position of top concern as major pollution events have hit north China. But when the publication topped 400 pages, distribution was switched to CDs in 2001.

2013 76

Chicago Area Clean Cities names American Lung Association 2017 Clean Fuels Champion

Green Car Congress

Air pollution poses a serious threat to our nation’s health. Studies show that air pollution from transportation causes asthma attacks and contributes to premature death and lung cancer among many other health concerns. The award has been given annually since 2001 to an individual, organization, or business that champions the promotion of alternative fuels and technologies to reduce vehicle emissions and reduce petroleum usage.

2017 60

EPA: US greenhouse gases up 2% in 2013; increased coal consumption, cool winter

Green Car Congress

By sector, power plants were the largest source of emissions, accounting for 31% of total US greenhouse gas pollution. billion gallons in 2001 to 1.4 US GHG emissions by sector, 1990-2013. Source: EPA. Click to enlarge. Total US greenhouse emissions were 6,673 million metric tons of carbon dioxide equivalent in 2013, an increase of 2% (127.9 MMT CO 2 Eq.) over the prior year, according to the EPA’s newly published Inventory of US Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Sinks: 1990–2013.

2015 80

ICCT: gap between official and real-world fuel economy figures in Europe reaches ~38%; call to implement WLTP ASAP

Green Car Congress

The data show that for private cars, the difference between on-road and official CO 2 values rose from around 8% in 2001 to 31% in 2013. This procedure was developed in the 1980s and was not originally intended to be used for fuel consumption testing but air pollutants. Divergence of real-world CO 2 emissions from manufacturers’ type-approval CO 2 emissions for various on-road data sources, including an average estimate for private and company cars as well as all data sources.

2014 107

Canada seeking to strengthen oil tanker safety system

Green Car Congress

The Safeguarding Canada’s Seas and Skies Act, which is amending the Canada Shipping Act, 2001, will: strengthen the current requirements for pollution prevention and response at oil handling facilities; increase Transport Canada’s oversight and enforcement capacity by equipping marine safety inspectors with the tools to enforce compliance; introduce new offenses for contraventions of the Act and extend penalties relating to pollution; and.

2013 80

The Next Oil Price Spike May Cripple The Industry

Green Car Congress

In fact, at a little over $50 per barrel, oil is trading slightly higher than its historic, inflation adjusted average of $47 per barrel , which in and off itself calls into the question the “spike” view: If the period 2001 – 2014 was a clear historic abnormality, why should one expect the price to return those levels? by Andreas de Vries and Dr. Salman Ghouri for Oilprice.com. Two diametrically opposed views dominate the current debate about where the oil price is heading.

2017 65

BP Products to Pay Nearly $180M to Settle Violations at Texas City Refinery; Conversion of Diesel Vehicles to Natural Gas Part of Settlement

Green Car Congress

has agreed to spend more than $161 million on pollution controls, enhanced maintenance and monitoring, and improved internal management practices to resolve Clean Air Act violations at its Texas City, Texas refinery. As part of the settlement, the company will spend an additional $6 million to reduce air pollution from diesel vehicle emissions in Texas City and the surrounding area. BP Products North America Inc.

2009 60

NRDC-sponsored Shulock report says California ZEV regulations need a tune-up to meet 2025 goals

Green Car Congress

The results indicate that the ZEV program may likely become “non-binding” as a regulation, and give rise to questions as to whether the program in its current form still provides the appropriate degree of technology-forcing pressure and will enable California to be on course to meet longer-term criteria pollutant and GHG reduction climate goals, as outlined in ARB’s 2016 Mobile Source Reduction Strategy.

2016 60

Peking University team develops method for modeling historical global black carbon emissions from motor vehicles with reduced uncertainty

Green Car Congress

A subsequent emission inventory for Asia estimated total BC emissions from on-road vehicles in this region alone to be 294 and 446 Gg in 2001 and 2006, respectively. There is also a potential of applying the quantitative approach developed in this study to other pollutants. Geographical distributions of global BC emissions from motor vehicles in 1976 (A) and 2006 (B). Country-based mean values are shown for 1976 and 1° × 1° resolution was used for 2006. Credit: ACS, Wang et al.

2012 78

FedEx boosts fleet with hybrid-electric trucks

Green Cars News

These standard trucks used in the retrofit programme were models from 2000 or 2001 with 300,000-500,000 miles on the clock. The aim of the conversion programme is not only to reduce pollution but also to extend the life of the vehicles, helping to eliminate waste production. The FedEx fleet of hybrid-electric vehicles has leapt by more than 50 per cent from 172 to 264 after the company added 92 hybrid-electric trucks to its delivery fleet by converting existing models.

Eaton 34

TfL To Begin Testing of Intelligent Speed Adaptation Technology

Green Car Congress

The UK government’s Commission for Integrated Transport (CfIT) and the Motorists’ Forum (MF) recently issued a joint report evaluating the impact of implementing an Intelligent Speed Adaptation (ISA) system across the entire road network on reducing deaths and injuries on the UK roads and on reducing fuel consumption and emissions of CO 2 and criteria pollutants. ISA speed map for Greater London. Click to enlarge.

2009 69

Gallup poll finds US concerns about global warming stabilizing at lower levels; self-professed understanding of global warming increasing

Green Car Congress

While Americans’ self-professed understanding of global warming has increased over time—from 69% saying they understand the issue “very well” or “fairly well” in 2001, to 74% in 2006 and 80% in the current poll—their concern about global warming across several measures is generally in the lower range of what Gallup has found historically. Three years ago, Americans believed pollution to be the primary cause by a 20-point margin.

2011 65

High Performance Computing key enabler for accelerating development of high efficiency engines

Green Car Congress

In an effort to reliably predict efficiency and pollutant emissions for new engines and fuels, computer simulations are used to study fundamental turbulence-chemistry interactions. diesel combustion by reducing temperature”, SAE Technical Paper 2001-01-0655, 2001.). Increasing complexity of vehicle design is driving the need for better simulation and more powerful computers. Wagner and Pannala. Click to enlarge.

2012 97

FedEx Converts 92 Delivery Trucks to Hybrids, Expanding Hybrid-Electric Fleet by 50%

Green Car Congress

The standard FedEx trucks used in the retrofit program were 2000 or 2001 models with 300,000 to 500,000 miles driven. An added benefit of the conversion program is that it not only reduces pollution but also extends the life of the vehicles, helping to eliminate waste production and creating a reduce-and-reuse program. FedEx Corp. has added 92 hybrid-electric trucks to its delivery fleet by converting standard FedEx delivery trucks to hybrid-electric systems.

2009 65

ICCT study concludes no technical barriers to use of higher blends of ethanol

Green Car Congress

Theoretically, cars operating on higher ethanol blends than the design point could emit greater concentrations of pollutants in exhaust gas. As with metals, studies on legacy vehicles (model years 1994–2001) did not observe any degradation of elastomers, polymers, or any other materials with E15 or E20. Two scenarios of US ethanol consumption and projections of original, revised, and repealed RFS2 requirements from the present to 2022.

2014 81

CRC study finds some adverse results from use of mid-level ethanol blends in MY 2001-2009 engines; DOE and ethanol industry say study significantly flawed

Green Car Congress

The Coordinating Research Council (CRC) released results of a two-year study conducted by FEV into the effects of intermediate-level (E15 and E20) ethanol blends ( earlier post ) that found that two popular gasoline engines used in light-duty automotive applications of vehicles from model years 2001 through 2009 failed with mechanical damage when operated on intermediate-level ethanol blends under the test conditions.

2012 73

EPA Proposes to Streamline Approval Process for Fuel Conversion Systems

Green Car Congress

While properly engineered conversion systems can reduce or at least not increase emissions, poorly designed systems can lead to much more pollution. MY 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008 and < useful life mileage. The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is proposing to make it easier for manufacturers to gain approval to sell fuel conversion systems.

Study Highlights the Importance of Considering Climate Effects of Non-CO2 Emissions from Transport in Mitigation Strategies and Policies

Green Car Congress

The radiative forcing affects of a reduction in non-CO 2 pollutants (dominated by ozone and black carbon) can outweigh CO 2 effects, depending on the replacement energy source, according to a multi-pollutant study by researchers from the NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies and the Environmental Defense Fund that examined the impact of a 50% reduction in on-road transportation emissions. Radiative forcing from the global and US ORT and PG sectors.

2009 60

Will lighter cars backfire on industry?

Green Cars News

President Barack Obama’s national fuel efficiency standards in the USA have come in for criticism in The Wall Street Journal where a columnist points out that there could be severe costs in terms of urban air pollution and human life. Most people know about the positive effects of developing greener, lighter cars. However, could there be a downside too?

2001 34

Rentech Planning to Build Biomass to Synthetic Fuels and Electric Power Plant in California

Green Car Congress

RenDiesel, the renewable synthetic diesel to be produced at the facility, meets all applicable fuels standards, is compatible with existing engines and pipelines and burns cleanly, with emissions of particulates and other regulated pollutants significantly lower than the emissions from the combustion of CARB ultra-low sulfur diesel. The Rentech Process is based on Fischer-Tropsch chemistry. Click to enlarge. Rentech, Inc. ,

2009 65