Scientists call for careful use of time scales, reference dates and statistical approaches in analyzing climate change trends to avoid distortion and hampering of response

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Interpolated surfaces showing the change in mean annual temperature across Alaska for three different time series: 1949?2009, Red colors represent a temperature increase, blue indicates a decrease, and beige indicates no change. Is it warming?”, “Is it cooling?”), and these outlets are often the major information source for the general public and policy makers on the issue of climate. These observations are important to consider in the context of climate change.

Copenhagen Diagnosis Released, Detailing Accelerating Indicators of Climate Change In Last Three Years

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A team of 26 climate scientists from Australia, Austria, Canada, France, Germany, Switzerland, the United Kingdom, and the United States have published the “Copenhagen Diagnosis”, an interim synthesis report on developments in climate change science from mid-2006 to the present day. The report points out that many key harbingers of climate change “ are occurring at the high end or even beyond the expectations of only a few years ago."”

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Latest GHG Inventory shows California remains below 2020 emissions target; much steeper rate of GHG reductions required

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Per capita GHG emissions in California have dropped from a 2001 peak of 14.0 All these climate programs have considerably more stringent emissions reduction targets starting in 2021. Climate Change Emissions Market Background Policy Regulations

2020 84

Alberta Climate Change and Emissions Management (CCEMC) Corporation Awarding C$37.5 Million in Funding for Renewable Energy Projects from Biofuels to Home Generation

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Alberta, Canada’s Climate Change and Emissions Management (CCMEC) Corporation is awarding more than C$37.5 One compliance option is to pay into the Climate Change and Emissions Management Fund at $15/tonne. is a privately owned Alberta corporation formed in 2001 to design, build and operate biogas cogeneration facilities. million (US$36.6

2010 82

California ARB: GHG emissions fell below 1990 levels for first time in 2016; down 13% from 2004 peak; transportation emissions up 2%

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The state’s latest Greenhouse Gas Emissions Inventory shows that California emitted 429 million metric tons of climate pollutants in 2016—a drop of 12 million metric tons, or three percent, from 2015. They fell 23% from a peak of 14 metric tons per person (roughly equal to driving 34,000 miles) in 2001 to 10.8 The carbon intensity of California’s economy has dropped 38% since the 2001 peak and is now one-half the national average.

2018 80

PwC analysis finds meeting 2 C warming target would require “unprecedented and sustained” reductions over four decades

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—Leo Johnson, Partner, Sustainability and Climate Change, PwC. Resilience will become a watch word in the boardroom—to policy responses as well as to the climate. —Jonathan Grant, director, sustainability and climate change, PwC. The pace of reducing global carbon intensity has been slow despite growing international focus on climate change. nuclear war, radical climate change before 2050).

2012 89

Devil in the Details: World Leaders Scramble To Salvage and Shape Copenhagens UNFCCC Climate Summit

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Although most countries have already revealed their opening emissions reduction proposals, UNFCCC Executive Secretary Yvo de Boer pointed out Thursday that “ we still await clarity from industrialized nations on the provision of large-scale finance to developing countries for immediate and long-term climate action. Climate Change And The IPCC Fourth Assessment Report. Australia is considered to be one of the most vulnerable developed nations to climate change.

2009 82

EIA: US energy-related CO2 dropped 2.7% in 2015; of end-use sectors, only transportation increased

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The nuclear share of non-fossil electricity generation has generally declined since reaching 75% in 2001. Climate Change Emissions Market BackgroundAccording to a report from the US Energy Information Administration (EIA), US energy-related CO 2 emissions decreased by 146 million metric tons (MMmt) in 2015 to 5,259 MMmt, down 2.7% from 5,405 MMmt in 2014. This decline occurred despite growth in real gross domestic product (GDP) of 2.6%

2017 69

The View From Here Today

Creative Greenius

I contributed the following to the World Wildlife Climate Witness site last week and it was published this morning. We’ve always planned on retiring and spending the rest of our lives right here, but these days we’re worried about what climate change is already doing – and about the far more serious consequences headed our way. In 2001 she terminated our grass lawns and replaced them with drought tolerant plants because of her concerns for water use.

2009 109

Devil In The Details: Is Copenhagens 2 ºC Guardrail Obsolete?

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From the opening day of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) climate negotiations in Copenhagen, also known as Conference of Parties (COP) 15, the relevance of a key threshold metric—the 2 °C maximal warming limit, or “guardrail”—has repeatedly been called into question by delegates of COP member states which are particularly vulnerable to climate change. Reasons For Concern” About Climate Adaptation. by Jack Rosebro.

2009 77

Lillian Light Is No Lightweight - The Environmental Lioness of the South Bay is Fired Up, Ready To Go!

Creative Greenius

Our relationship started about a month ago when we spent an evening together carpooling to a UCLA workshop on communication climate change that we both participated in. I began our interview by asking Lillian about the early days of EPN which she helped found in 2001. What was your environmental priority in 2001 and what is it today? Climate Change: The State of Current Knowledge - 2005. Mayors’ Climate Protection Agreement.

Light 138

Singapore introducing stiff new feebate scheme for low carbon cars

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The scheme will be reviewed, taking into consideration its impact on motorists’ purchasing decision, technological advances and the progress in Singapore’s overall mitigation efforts on climate change. The outgoing Green Vehicle Rebate (GVR) scheme was introduced in 2001 to encourage the take up of green vehicles. Climate Change Fuel Efficiency Other Asia Policy

EPA: US greenhouse gases up 2% in 2013; increased coal consumption, cool winter

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billion gallons in 2001 to 1.4 Climate Change Emissions US GHG emissions by sector, 1990-2013. Source: EPA. Click to enlarge. Total US greenhouse emissions were 6,673 million metric tons of carbon dioxide equivalent in 2013, an increase of 2% (127.9 MMT CO 2 Eq.) over the prior year, according to the EPA’s newly published Inventory of US Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Sinks: 1990–2013. Total US emissions have increased by 5.9% from 1990 to 2013.

2015 79

Study Highlights the Importance of Considering Climate Effects of Non-CO2 Emissions from Transport in Mitigation Strategies and Policies

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The on-road transportation (ORT) and power generation (PG) sectors are major contributors to CO 2 emissions and a host of short-lived radiatively-active air pollutants, including tropospheric ozone and fine aerosol particles, that exert complex influences on global climate. The study applied the NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS) model for Physical Understanding of Composition-Climate INteractions and Impacts (G-PUCCINI). Tags: Climate Change Emissions

2009 60

The Most Powerful Greenius In America

Creative Greenius

We haven’t really changed our lifestyle at all unless you count turning off a few powerstrips and all the computers before we go to bed. But I will admit that one thing has changed even more than the size of our electric bill and that’s the size of the solar PV system we now need to generate 100% of our electricity – because the same moves that cut our electric bill also cut the number of solar panels we need by 50% too. FOLLOW ME IF YOU WANT TO LIVE.

2009 109

Google Unveils Faster, Cheaper Mechanism To Track Worldwide Deforestation Online; Support for Land Use Change Measurement, Verification and Reporting

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satellite imagery; from left, 1975, 1989, and 2001. Through its philanthropic arm,, Google introduced an online suite of beta software that leverages cloud computing to track worldwide land-use changes such as deforestation. The new tools are designed to be used by policy makers, governments, the scientific community, and the public via a dedicated Forest Carbon Tracking portal , and were introduced at the UNFCCC climate summit in Copenhagen. by Jack Rosebro.

2009 98

The Greenius Goes Into Overdrive

Creative Greenius

As the climate change crisis goes from bad to worse (while the deniers get nuttier and more cult-like with each passing day) and Australia gives Californians an advanced sneak preview at what is without a doubt headed our way sooner than you expect , your Creative Greenius has only gotten more Fired Up, Ready to Go! In Manhattan Beach I’ve been watching the four committees of the ETF present their recommendations for the city council on water, waste, building and climate change.

2009 100

Current climate policies destined for ‘imminent failure’

Green Cars News

Current climate change policies which focus on overall carbon emissions are failing and should be abandoned, a consortium of research institutes concludes. With the G8 set to meet in Italy this week, a report outlining a strategy to avert an otherwise imminent failure in climate policy is being published by the London School of Economics (LSE) and Political Science’s Mackinder Programme and the Institute for Science, Innovation & Society at the University of Oxford today.

2009 32

Converting Oil Shale to Gasoline via Alberta Taciuk Processor Results in Full Fuel Cycle GHG Emissions 1.5-1.75 Larger Than From Conventionally Produced Gasoline

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To put these figures in perspective, emissions from all sectors in the state of Colorado equaled 24 million t of carbon in 2001. Tags: Climate Change Emissions Lifecycle analysis Oil Shale GHG emissions for ATP shale (low and high cases) and conventional gasoline in grams of CO 2 e per MJ of final fuel delivered. Credit: ACS. Click to enlarge.

2009 83

Annual Increase in Global CO2 Emissions Halved in 2008; Decrease in Fossil Oil Consumption, Increase in Renewables Share

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In China, oil consumption increased by 3% in 2008, according to BP data, which was down from 5% in 2007 and 8%, on average, since 2001. In total, CO 2 emissions from the US and the European Union decreased by about 3% and 1.5%, respectively, in 2008, Although China’s emissions showed an increase of 6%, this is the lowest increase since 2001. Tags: Climate Change Emissions Global CO 2 emissions from fuel use and cement production by region. Source: PBL.

2008 65

US Energy-Related Carbon Dioxide Emissions Declined by 2.8% in 2008; Transportation-Related Emissions Down 5.2%

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in 2001. Tags: Climate Change Emissions Energy-related CO 2 emissions declined by 2.8% in 2008. Source: EIA. Click to enlarge. US carbon dioxide emissions from fossil fuels decreased by 2.8% in 2008 to 5,802 million metric tons of carbon dioxide (MMTCO 2 ), down from 5,967 MMTCO 2 in 2007, according to preliminary estimates released by the Energy Information Administration (EIA).

2008 60

GM Quantifies CO2 and Fuel Consumption Reductions Via E-REVs And PHEVs, As Compared To Conventional Hybrids

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In the paper, the GM team broke down CO 2 and fuel consumption reduction potentials into several categories: The introduction of E-REVs and PHEVs to existing grids, displacing petroleum use; The influence of charging availability and consumer behavior on CO 2 reduction; Changes in power grid mix as well as vehicle stock; and. Tags: Climate Change Emissions Fuel Efficiency Hybrids Plug-ins by Jack Rosebro.

2009 60

Yangtze Basin to Face More Droughts, Floods and Storms

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°F) over the next 50 years, while extreme weather events will also become more frequent, according to the largest river basin climate vulnerability assessment yet done. The Yangtze River Basin Climate Change Vulnerability and Adaptation Report, released in Beijing, not only describes the impact of climate change but also offers specific adaptation strategies for the Yangtze. Temperatures across China’s Yangtze River Basin could increase from 1.5

2009 72

Toyota announces aggressive environmental targets through 2050; cutting new vehicle CO2 by 90% compared to 2010

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Addressing key global environmental issues such as climate change, water shortages, resource depletion, and degradation of biodiversity, the Toyota Environmental Challenge 2050 aims to reduce the negative impact of manufacturing and driving vehicles as much as possible.

2015 97

Uptick in sales of DPF retrofits for trucks and buses in California

Green Car Congress

The high emission-reduction efficiency of DPFs provides important public health benefits and climate change co-benefits associated with the reduction of black carbon emissions from diesel engines. Overall, in the US, approximately 100,000 retrofit DPFs have been sold since 2001 for both on-road and off-road vehicles.

2014 85

ICCT study finds that transitioning to low-GWP MAC refrigerants in China could avoid up to US$150B in costs

Green Car Congress

Among the findings of the report, “HFC-134a phase-out in the Chinese light-duty motor vehicle sector”, was that, considering the social cost of CO 2 e, up to 1 trillion RMB in costs (US$150 billion) required to address climate change could be avoided through 2050 by transitioning to low-GWP alternative MACs. China fully embraced HFC-134a in 2001 when it implemented its obligations under the 1987 Montreal Protocol.

2016 77

U-M and Shanghai Jiao Tong University fund 6 energy and biomedical projects; batteries, policy and fuels

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The goal of the U-M/SJTU Collaborative Research Program in Renewable Energy Science and Technology is to develop new technologies that reduce global carbon emissions and their impact on climate change. In 2001, U-M became the first non-Chinese academic institution approved to offer graduate engineering degrees in China, at SJTU. Six research teams from the University of Michigan (U-M) and Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU) have won a share of $1.16

2012 81

Study finds removing corn residue for biofuel production can decrease soil organic carbon and increase CO2 emissions; may miss mandated 60% GHG reduction

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Using corn crop residue to make ethanol and other biofuels reduces soil carbon and under some conditions can generate more greenhouse gases than gasoline, according to a major, multi-year study by a University of Nebraska-Lincoln team of researchers published in the journal Nature Climate Change. Changes in SOC. Changes in SOC occur via two dominant processes: soil erosion by water and wind; and soil respiration where SOC is oxidized to CO 2.

2014 78

Peking University team develops method for modeling historical global black carbon emissions from motor vehicles with reduced uncertainty

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Black carbon is a key short-lived climate change forcer ( earlier post ) and motor vehicles are important sources of BC in the environment. A subsequent emission inventory for Asia estimated total BC emissions from on-road vehicles in this region alone to be 294 and 446 Gg in 2001 and 2006, respectively. Geographical distributions of global BC emissions from motor vehicles in 1976 (A) and 2006 (B).

2012 77

ICCT: gap between official and real-world fuel economy figures in Europe reaches ~38%; call to implement WLTP ASAP

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The data show that for private cars, the difference between on-road and official CO 2 values rose from around 8% in 2001 to 31% in 2013. The increasing gap also more than halves the official CO 2 reductions achieved during the last ten years, making it more challenging to meet the EU’s climate change mitigation objectives. The authors noted that “ it is reasonable to assume that driving behavior has not changed appreciably over the past years.

2014 107

U-M and Shanghai Jiao Tong University fund new round of 6 energy and biomedical projects; Li-S batteries

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The goal of the U-M/SJTU Collaborative Research Program in Renewable Energy Science and Technology is to develop new technologies that reduce global carbon emissions and their impact on climate change. In 2001, U-M became the first non-Chinese academic institution approved to offer graduate engineering degrees in China, at SJTU. The University of Michigan (U-M) and Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU) have selected six research teams to share $1.05

2011 77

Munich Re: 2011 already the highest-ever loss year on record from natural catastrophes; led by Japan earthquake

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The insured losses, around US$60 billion, were also nearly five times greater than the average since 2001. Munich Re and climate change. In 2010 prior to the world climate summit, Munich Re drew attention to the number and scale of weather-related natural catastrophes in the first nine months of that year: floods in central Europe, wildfires in Russia, widespread flooding in Pakistan.

2011 83

Updated Life Cycle Analysis of Soybean Production and Products Show Environmental Improvements

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Currently, the data included in the Department of Energy’s US Life Cycle Inventory is based on three years, 1998 to 2001. Cradle-to-Gate (farmer-to-product) pathways for soybeans. Source: USB. Click to enlarge. An updated life cycle assessment (LCA) of soybean production and products commissioned by the United Soybean Board found multiple energy and environmental benefits of current US soybean farming and processing.

2010 75

UK Carbon Trust Launches PEM Fuel Cells Challenge, Striving for a Critical Reduction in Costs

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The Carbon Trust is an independent company set up in 2001 by the UK government in response to the threat of climate change, to accelerate the move to a low carbon economy by working with organizations to reduce carbon emissions and develop commercial low carbon technologies.

2009 72

Researchers Finds Lake Tanganyika Has Experienced Unprecedented Warming Over Last Century

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The team also documented that Lake Tanganyika experienced its biggest temperature change in the 20 th century, which has affected its unique ecosystem that relies upon the natural conveyance of nutrients from the depths to jumpstart the food chain upon which the fish survive. The research grew out of two coring expeditions sponsored by the Nyanza Project in 2001 and 2004.

2010 69

Will lighter cars backfire on industry?

Green Cars News

Robert O Grady suggests that the standards, which are designed to address climate change and reduce dependence on imported energy, ignore the criteria air pollutants currently regulated under the Clean Air Act such as smog, particulate matter, carbon monoxide, sulphur dioxide, nitrogen oxides and lead. Most people know about the positive effects of developing greener, lighter cars. However, could there be a downside too?

2001 34

Univ. of Michigan and Shanghai Jiao Tong University Team Up On Li-Air Batteries, 5 Other Renewable Energy and Biomedical Technology Projects

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The goal of the U-M/SJTU Collaborative Research Program in Renewable Energy Science and Technology is to develop new technologies that reduce global carbon emissions and their impact on climate change. Goal: Build and test a prototype of a new, high-efficiency "smart façade" for buildings that captures solar energy, transmits light, provides enhanced insulation and is capable of changing its characteristics through sensor-based interaction with internal building climate controls.

2010 69

Plug In America - Links and Resources

Tony Karrer Delicious EVdriven

Westbrook, 2001 "Gasoline to Electric Conversion Manual: A Workshop Guide for High Schools", published by the Electric Vehicle Society of Canada, July 2005 "History of the Electric Automobile: Hybrid electric vehicles", by Ernest H. Learn About Plug-ins What Are Plug-ins? Where Can I Buy One? Real Life EV Stories A Case for Electricity Plug In America Positions Energy Policy Frequently Asked Questions About Plug-in Buses Who Killed the Electric Car?

EV1 29

California ARB mods to ZEV regulations for IVMs would result in ~1.9% drop in total ZEV/TZEV units 2018-2025; no impact on air quality requirements

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Among the proposed changes were additional production lead time; a reduced compliance obligation (i.e., Last week, ARB staff issued a correction to the staff report on the changes issued as part of the September announcement; the earlier report had included text from an earlier version of the ZEV regulation, but the substance of the proposed amendments were not affected. The 2012 changes established a new optional Section 177 State compliance path.

2014 88