Study estimates 6% of lung cancer deaths in US and UK attributable to diesel exhaust

Green Car Congress

In 2012, the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), which is part of the World Health Organization (WHO), classified diesel engine exhaust (DEE) as carcinogenic to humans (Group 1). However, emission standards for offroad vehicles and industrial applications are generally introduced after those for on-road vehicles and therefore many offroad applications were still largely uncontrolled in 2000.

PwC: Global Carbon Budget For 2000-2050 Could Be Exhausted By 2034

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Global accounting firm PricewaterhouseCoopers has analyzed carbon emissions from 2000 to 2008 and concluded that the world’s “carbon emissions budget”, or ability to emit carbon dioxide while still maintaining a “fair chance” of limiting average global temperatures to no more than 2 ºC (3.6 annum from 2000; (2) actual rate of reduction, 2000, 2008; (3). reduction achieved globally since 2000, to have a fair chance of.

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Trending Sources

ORNL team finds catalytic EGR reforming can decrease fuel consumption 8% in gasoline engine

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In an open-access paper published in the ACS journal Energy & Fuels , they report that under an engine operating condition of 2000 rpm and brake mean effective pressure (4 bar), catalytic EGR reforming made it possible to sustain stable combustion with a volumetric equivalent of 45%–55% EGR.

2018 118

New 1.6L diesel in 2018 Chevrolet Equinox related to Opel’s 1.6L CDTi Whisper Diesel

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Fuel pressure is 2000 bar (29,000 psi). A variable-vane turbocharger enables the engine to deliver more power with lower exhaust emissions and no decrease in overall fuel efficiency. NO x emissions are controlled via a Selective Catalyst Reduction (SCR) after-treatment system that uses urea-based Diesel (Emission) Exhaust Fluid (DEF). The new 1.6-liter diesel engine to be offered in the US in the 2018 Equinox ( earlier post ) is similar to Opel’s 1.6L

2016 78

Study finds PM from biodiesel blends may be 50-80% less toxic per unit PM mass than from petroleum diesel

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In the study, the team examined the relationships between biodiesel fuel blend, exhaust particle oxidative potential (OP), and PM composition. OP in oxidized aerosols, including engine exhaust, is commonly quantified using the DTT (dithiothreitol) assay.

2017 90

Fiat introducing new 2-cylinder 0.9L Turbo TwinAir in 2014 MiTo mini

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The gasoline engine delivers 105 hp (72 kW) at 5500 rpm and maximum torque of 145 N·m (107 lb-ft) at 2000 rpm/min, with combined cycle fuel consumption of 4.2 at 2000. TwinAir. Click to enlarge. Fiat is introducing a new two-cylinder 0.9

2013 104

EU investing >€3M in research into ultra-efficient aero engines; ULTIMATE project

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Europe’s Strategic Research and Innovation Agenda (SRIA 2050) outlines a 75% reduction in aviation CO 2 emissions to year 2050 relative to a year 2000 reference. The EU is targeting a 75% reduction in carbon dioxide emissions per passenger kilometer between the years 2000 and 2050.

2016 78

Damen delivers hybrid tugboat to Royal Netherlands Navy; up to 30% lower fuel consumption, 40% fewer emissions

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Compared with other tugs, hybrid versions use up to 30% less fuel and produce 40% fewer exhaust emissions. Rolls-Royce supplied Damen with a total of ten MTU Series 4000 engines and five MTU Series 2000 engines, in addition to azimuth thrusters for the propulsion system of the workboats.

2016 102

Ricardo’s “deep” Miller cycle concept: Magma

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A long exhaust stroke then extracts maximum efficiency. The expansion ratio on the exhaust stroke is much higher than the effective compression ratio; the longer expansion provides extra power to the crankshaft and extracts more energy from the combusted fuel.

2016 95

Mercedes-Benz introduces next-gen OM 471 heavy-duty engine; more fuel efficient, more torque with fast build-up at very low revs

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1; and a reduced exhaust gas recirculation rate (EGR rate). Now, all engine output ratings already muster up at least 2000 N·m of torque at just under 800 rpm. Exhaust gas recirculation.

2015 83

Opel introducing new top-end 2.0L BiTurbo diesel in Insignia; Euro 6.2, WLTP testing

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Like the existing 125 kW/170 hp 2.0-liter engine with single turbocharger, the new top-of-the-line diesel uses Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) exhaust after-treatment technology with AdBlue injection. Diesel fuel is then injected through seven-hole jets in up to ten sequences at 2000 bar.

2017 78

Jeep Cherokee in Europe gains new 2.2L MultiJet II diesel

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The displacement of the new engine (2184 cm 3 ) was defined to obtain high power, torque delivery and fuel efficiency and is combined with an optimized exhaust gas treatment system. The engine is supercharged by a novel variable geometry turbocharger integrated in the exhaust manifold.

Jeep 106

Mercedes-Benz powering ahead with €3B strategic engine initiative; increasing electrification, 48V; diesel and gasoline; cylinder deactivation

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The new six-cylinder in-line engine comes with an intelligent form of turbocharging: assisted by the ISG at start-off, the electric auxiliary compressor (eZV) guarantees immediate high torque when driving off and accelerating, bridging the time before the large exhaust turbocharger cuts in.

2016 109

Mercedes-Benz unveils Gen4 A-Class; bigger, new engines, focus on content and user experience

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In the partial load range between 1250 and 3800 rpm, and depending on the power requirement, the intake and exhaust valves of the second and third cylinder are closed by valve clearance adjustment. The exhaust system with flap control has the same purpose.

2018 130

Promising Delphi 1st-gen Gasoline Direct Injection Compression Ignition engine meeting ultra fuel efficient program targets

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Due to the lower exhaust enthalpy of lower temperature engines using PPCI, it is difficult to produce intake boost with acceptable boost system parasitis. A practical powertrain system with robust PPCI combustion is needed, including injection, valvetrain, boost, and exhaust subsystems.

2014 106

SwRI develops D-EGR demonstrator highlighting fuel-efficient, cost-effective engine; 10% and above fuel economy improvements

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D-EGR is an engine and control concept that combines fuel reforming to produce hydrogen with high levels of exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) to achieve very high levels of thermal efficiency.

2014 88

Chevrolet introduces second-generation Duramax 4-cylinder diesels; global engine

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The new Duramax engine uses an electric EGR valve for greater precision and a larger EGR cooler to further reduce recirculated exhaust gas temperature. The redesigned and improved intake manifold allows increased exhaust gas recirculation and increases air intake efficiency.

2013 124

EPA to begin work on proposed rulemaking for on-road heavy-duty ultra-low NOx standard for MY 2024

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Further, the agency said, technical progress has been made in developing technologies and approaches that can reduce NO x emissions beyond the standards put in place in the 2000 rule. These technology examples, along with numerous cost-effective technological advances in exhaust after-treatment technologies, demonstrate that there are feasible approaches where GHG reductions and fuel efficiency do not have to be sacrificed to achieve greater NO x reductions.

2016 60

Comprehensive assessment concludes black carbon second-most important human emission in warming climate

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Total global emissions of black carbon using bottom-up inventory methods are 7500 Gg yr -1 in the year 2000 with an uncertainty range of 2000 to 29000. In order to enable use of the most advanced exhaust controls, sulfur must be removed from the diesel fuel during refining.

2013 113

ICCT study finds real-world NOx emissions from Euro 6 diesels ~7x higher than Euro 6 regulatory levels

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The permissible limit for NO x emissions from diesel cars declined from 500 milligrams per kilometer (mg/km) under Euro 3 (effective January 2000) to 80 mg/ km under Euro 6 (effective September 2014).

2014 108

U Toronto study measures GDI emissions in urban near-road environment

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Hence, GDI PM mass loadings and chemical composition may vary depending on the measurement environment or exhaust conditioning. For the winter 2014 and spring 2014 campaigns, the researchers used a 2000 Honda CR-V equipped with a PFI engine to compare GDI and PFI PN emissions.

2016 60

Porsche Panamera Diesel delivers 6.3L/100km (37 mpg)

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The Porsche Panamera Diesel features common rail direct injection through piezo valves at a pressure of 2000 bar; turbocharging employing electrically controlled variable geometry turbochargers (VGTs;) and emission control achieved by controlled exhaust gas recirculation, oxidation catalyst and particle filter. The Porsche Panamera Gran Turismo with a 3.0L diesel engine consumes 6.3 l/100 km (37.3 mpg US)—167 g/km CO 2 —on the NEDC with optional low-friction tires.

New Ford Escape launching with two new EcoBoost engines with standard Auto Start-Stop

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New pistons provide a higher, more efficient compression ratio, and a newly designed, integrated exhaust manifold is optimized for the twin-scroll turbo system.

2015 93

SwRI D-EGR gasoline demo vehicle delivers diesel efficiency at lower cost; potential for LEV III/Tier 3 emissions

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Southwest Research Institute (SwRI) announced preliminary test results of its Dedicated-Exhaust Gas Recirculation (D-EGR) demonstration vehicle ( earlier post ) at the SAE 2014 World Congress in Detroit. D-EGR brake specific fuel consumption (BSFC) at 2000 rpm 2 bar BMEP dropped 14.3%

2014 106

Evident Thermoelectrics acquires GMZ Energy

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In December 2014, GMZ had successfully demonstrated a 1kW TEG designed for diesel engine exhaust heat recapture in a Bradley Fighting Vehicle ( earlier post ). Evident, founded in 2000, is a leader in nanomaterials synthesis and products, and its record of achievement has included commercial product launches in quantum dots, LEDs, biotech and military applications. In a major expansion move, Evident Thermoelectrics has purchased the assets of GMZ Energy, Inc.

2015 60

Ascend Energy and Atrex Energy demo tubular SOFC electric ATV, fueled by natural gas

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Atrex Energy has worked on research and development of a commercially viable power generator utilizing Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFC) since 2000.

2017 83

VW introducing 1.8L EA888 Gen 3 engine in 2014 Jetta, Passat and Beetle; driving impressions

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Key advances for Gen 3 are in weight reduction, friction reduction, and the internal exhaust cooling system. The A4 of model year 2000 with a 1.8 Integrated exhaust manifold with cooling. enriching the air/fuel mixture at high loads—for cooling the exhaust gas.

2013 120

Aeristech launches new 48V electric supercharger

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bar BMEP at 2000 rpm (+10% over base), delivering 313 N·m (231 lb-ft) and a maximum power output of 193 kW (259 hp)—an increase of 61% over the base engine. UK-based Aeristech has introduced a new 48V electric supercharger capable of continuous operation at high boost levels.

2015 118

2015 VW Jetta TDI: a more refined, powerful and efficient diesel within a nicely redesigned model line

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The aluminum-alloy cross-flow cylinder head has a novel placement of intake and exhaust valves; the intake and exhaust ports for each cylinder are positioned one behind the other in the direction of flow. In other words, there is not a separate intake or exhaust camshaft.

2014 102

Delphi advancing Gasoline Direct-Injection Compression-Ignition engine concept; new two-stage supercharger/turbocharger boost system

Green Car Congress

Like other high-efficiency concepts, GDCI has low exhaust temperatures; unlike some others, however, GDCI relies heavily on fuel injection strategy to ensure proper combustion, the Delphi engineers noted. Good low-speed BMEP was predicted with maximum BMEP of 20 bar at 1800 to 2000 rpm.

2013 104

California ARB posts discussion document for developing Advanced Clean Transit (ACT) regulation

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The 2000 Fleet Rule for Transit Agencies (Transit Fleet Rule) required reductions in both criteria pollutant emissions and exposure to air contaminants from urban buses and transit fleet vehicles. The California Air Resources Board (ARB) has posted a discussion document.

2015 83

Lux Research provides snapshot of oil majors’ investments in alternative fuels; BP leads investment frequency

Green Car Congress

Lux Research has investigated the trends of corporate financing of alternative fuels from oil majors, based on a non-exhaustive database of more than 1,000 deals and partnership engagements from 2000 through September, 2014.

2014 78

Additional details on Honda’s new 1.6L diesel

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This new engine offers 88 kW (120 PS, 118 hp) of power and 300 N·m (221 lb-ft) of torque at 2000 rpm with CO 2 emissions of 94 g/km (equivalent to 65 mpg US, 3.6 Honda’s 1.6L i-DTEC engine. Click to enlarge.

2012 102

Study investigates impact of operating conditions and load on soot particle number distribution for diesel and biodiesel

Green Car Congress

A team led by researchers from Brunel University (UK) has investigated the exhaust soot particle number size distributions obtained from the combustion of diesel and biodiesel (rapeseed methyl ester, RME) in a high speed direct injection (HSDI) diesel engine under different engine operating conditions: fuel injection pressure, injection timing, exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) and engine load. bar BMEP at 2000 rpm.

2013 64

Achates OPGCI project targeting 50% fuel efficiency gains over downsized GDI engine at reduced cost

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At idle and low loads, rebreathing of hot exhaust gases provided stable compression ignition with very low engine-out NO x and PM emissions. Rebreathing enabled reduced boost pressure, while greatly increasing exhaust temperature. bar was measured at 2000 rpm, with 17.4

2015 83

Brunel engineers optimizing CAI combustion in 2-stroke camless gasoline DI engine

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Many approaches have been attempted to achieve CAI operation on the four-stroke spark ignition engines, such as intake air heating, high compression ratio, dual fuel, recycling the exhaust gas, and so on. Indicated fuel conversion efficiency in 2-stroke CAI operation at 2000 rpm.

2014 78

Ford moving to vehicle testing with advanced 2.3L MiGTDI engine research project; Tier 3 SULEV30 target with 25% fuel economy improvement

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20 bar BMEP @ 2000 - 4500 rpm. Split, parallel, cross-flow cooling with integrated exhaust manifold. The 2.3L MiGTDI engine. Source: Ford. Click to enlarge.

2014 88

Scania introduces new 100% biodiesel version of 16-liter V8; Euro 6 with EGR and SCR

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The new 16-liter V8 engine meets Euro 6 requirements with EGR (exhaust gas recirculation) and water-cooled SCR (selective catalytic reduction) aftertreatment. The Volkswagen Group has been invested in Scania since 2000 and today indirectly and directly holds a total of 89.2%

2014 78

BP awards Colorado State University $5M to research technology for oil recovery from watered-out wells

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The need to investigate waterflood chemistry at the nanoscale is driven by the fact that the rock formations involved in many of the “exhausted” wells in Colorado and the surrounding states contain shale, limestone and sandstone. 2000) Water Control. Colorado State University has obtained a 5-year, $5-million grant from BP to study mechanisms involved with technology for oil recovery from “watered-out” wells.

Winterkorn says Volkswagen developing 10-speed DCT and high-performance diesel; plug-in hybrids offer great potential

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Since 2000, the group has reduced the fuel consumption of its TDI and TSI engines by more than 30%. For the EA 288 diesels, main development modules include exhaust aftertreatment close to engine; modular EGR system; optimized powertrain; indirect air cooling; innovative thermal management; and an intelligent control systems engine control unit. Volkswagen’s view of powertrain technologies to minimize greenhouse gas emissions. Source: Prof.

2013 86