Study estimates 6% of lung cancer deaths in US and UK attributable to diesel exhaust

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In 2012, the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), which is part of the World Health Organization (WHO), classified diesel engine exhaust (DEE) as carcinogenic to humans (Group 1). However, emission standards for offroad vehicles and industrial applications are generally introduced after those for on-road vehicles and therefore many offroad applications were still largely uncontrolled in 2000.

New 1.6L diesel in 2018 Chevrolet Equinox related to Opel’s 1.6L CDTi Whisper Diesel

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Fuel pressure is 2000 bar (29,000 psi). A variable-vane turbocharger enables the engine to deliver more power with lower exhaust emissions and no decrease in overall fuel efficiency. NO x emissions are controlled via a Selective Catalyst Reduction (SCR) after-treatment system that uses urea-based Diesel (Emission) Exhaust Fluid (DEF). The new 1.6-liter diesel engine to be offered in the US in the 2018 Equinox ( earlier post ) is similar to Opel’s 1.6L

Trending Sources

FPT International introduces 8.7-liter CNG engine in China

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The Cursor 9 CNG offers power up to 400 hp @ 2000 rpm, and torque up to 1700 N·m @ 1.200 rpm, while at the same time having emissions lower than Euro VI. To comply with Euro VI the Cursor 9 CNG does not need Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR) or Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR), but relies on a simple three-way catalyst. Compared to the Cursor 9 diesel, the new engine has a Ni-Resist cast-iron exhaust manifold and water cooled wastegate turbocharger, increasing reliability.

2016 31

Damen delivers hybrid tugboat to Royal Netherlands Navy; up to 30% lower fuel consumption, 40% fewer emissions

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Compared with other tugs, hybrid versions use up to 30% less fuel and produce 40% fewer exhaust emissions. Rolls-Royce supplied Damen with a total of ten MTU Series 4000 engines and five MTU Series 2000 engines, in addition to azimuth thrusters for the propulsion system of the workboats.

2016 46

PwC: Global Carbon Budget For 2000-2050 Could Be Exhausted By 2034

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Global accounting firm PricewaterhouseCoopers has analyzed carbon emissions from 2000 to 2008 and concluded that the world’s “carbon emissions budget”, or ability to emit carbon dioxide while still maintaining a “fair chance” of limiting average global temperatures to no more than 2 ºC (3.6 annum from 2000; (2) actual rate of reduction, 2000, 2008; (3). reduction achieved globally since 2000, to have a fair chance of.

Lux Research provides snapshot of oil majors’ investments in alternative fuels; BP leads investment frequency

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Lux Research has investigated the trends of corporate financing of alternative fuels from oil majors, based on a non-exhaustive database of more than 1,000 deals and partnership engagements from 2000 through September, 2014.

Comprehensive assessment concludes black carbon second-most important human emission in warming climate

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Total global emissions of black carbon using bottom-up inventory methods are 7500 Gg yr -1 in the year 2000 with an uncertainty range of 2000 to 29000. In order to enable use of the most advanced exhaust controls, sulfur must be removed from the diesel fuel during refining.

2013 38

Achates OPGCI project targeting 50% fuel efficiency gains over downsized GDI engine at reduced cost

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At idle and low loads, rebreathing of hot exhaust gases provided stable compression ignition with very low engine-out NO x and PM emissions. Rebreathing enabled reduced boost pressure, while greatly increasing exhaust temperature. bar was measured at 2000 rpm, with 17.4

2015 39

SwRI D-EGR gasoline demo vehicle delivers diesel efficiency at lower cost; potential for LEV III/Tier 3 emissions

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Southwest Research Institute (SwRI) announced preliminary test results of its Dedicated-Exhaust Gas Recirculation (D-EGR) demonstration vehicle ( earlier post ) at the SAE 2014 World Congress in Detroit. D-EGR brake specific fuel consumption (BSFC) at 2000 rpm 2 bar BMEP dropped 14.3%

2014 42

ICCT study finds real-world NOx emissions from Euro 6 diesels ~7x higher than Euro 6 regulatory levels

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The permissible limit for NO x emissions from diesel cars declined from 500 milligrams per kilometer (mg/km) under Euro 3 (effective January 2000) to 80 mg/ km under Euro 6 (effective September 2014).

SwRI develops D-EGR demonstrator highlighting fuel-efficient, cost-effective engine; 10% and above fuel economy improvements

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D-EGR is an engine and control concept that combines fuel reforming to produce hydrogen with high levels of exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) to achieve very high levels of thermal efficiency.

California ARB releases three studies showing fine particle pollution a threat to cardiovascular health

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or fine-particulate matter, is exhaust from vehicles, especially from diesel engines. The findings of this study are based on the California participants in a large study sponsored by the American Cancer Society, which tracked 76,000 adults from 1982 to 2000.

2011 38

Ricardo’s “deep” Miller cycle concept: Magma

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A long exhaust stroke then extracts maximum efficiency. The expansion ratio on the exhaust stroke is much higher than the effective compression ratio; the longer expansion provides extra power to the crankshaft and extracts more energy from the combusted fuel.

Aeristech launches new 48V electric supercharger

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bar BMEP at 2000 rpm (+10% over base), delivering 313 N·m (231 lb-ft) and a maximum power output of 193 kW (259 hp)—an increase of 61% over the base engine. UK-based Aeristech has introduced a new 48V electric supercharger capable of continuous operation at high boost levels.

Delphi advancing Gasoline Direct-Injection Compression-Ignition engine concept; new two-stage supercharger/turbocharger boost system

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Like other high-efficiency concepts, GDCI has low exhaust temperatures; unlike some others, however, GDCI relies heavily on fuel injection strategy to ensure proper combustion, the Delphi engineers noted. Good low-speed BMEP was predicted with maximum BMEP of 20 bar at 1800 to 2000 rpm.

Additional details on Honda’s new 1.6L diesel

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This new engine offers 88 kW (120 PS, 118 hp) of power and 300 N·m (221 lb-ft) of torque at 2000 rpm with CO 2 emissions of 94 g/km (equivalent to 65 mpg US, 3.6 Honda’s 1.6L i-DTEC engine. Click to enlarge.

2000 12

Honda signs E-KIZUNA project agreement with City of Saitama for EV, PHEV and electric scooter testing; new household gas cogen unit with more efficient EXlink engine

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Through the E-KIZUNA Project, Honda aims to reduce household CO 2 emissions to half of year 2000 levels by 2015. An enhanced lower engine mount structure and other design enhancements help reduce pulsation and air channel noise in the intake and exhaust systems.

Ricardo and Doosan DL06 diesel with TVCS achieves Tier 4f emissions without need for DPF

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First introduced in 2005, the most recent version of the DL06 is certified to Tier 4 interim exhaust emissions regulations, and is equipped with cooled EGR to reduce NO x emissions and a DPF to minimize particulate. TVCS systems basically comprise an optimized injector nozzle and combustion chamber design; the use of a high pressure, 2000 bar common rail fuel injection system; a variable geometry turbocharger; and cooled EGR for NO x reduction.

2000 13

MIT study says combustion emissions cause ~200,000 premature deaths/year in US; vehicles and power generation top sources

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2000 (90% CI: 0–4,000) early deaths from ozone, according to the study. The greatest number of emissions-related premature deaths came from road transportation, with 53,000 early deaths per year attributed to exhaust from the tailpipes of cars and trucks.

BorgWarner R2S two-stage turbo boosts performance of new top-end Ford 2.0L diesel

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The high-performance engine, being offered in Mondeo, S-MAX and Galaxy models in Europe, achieves an output of 155 kW (210 PS) and a maximum torque of 450 N·m from 2000 rpm and will replace the 2.2-liter TDCi diesel engine.

EU investing >€3M in research into ultra-efficient aero engines; ULTIMATE project

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Europe’s Strategic Research and Innovation Agenda (SRIA 2050) outlines a 75% reduction in aviation CO 2 emissions to year 2050 relative to a year 2000 reference. The EU is targeting a 75% reduction in carbon dioxide emissions per passenger kilometer between the years 2000 and 2050.

World Bank/ICCT report provides guidance to reducing black carbon emissions from diesels in developing countries

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The transportation sector accounted for approximately 19% of global black carbon emissions in the year 2000, according to the report. Historical Trends in Black Carbon Emissions from Surface Transportation (teragrams of black carbon per year). Source: Minjares et al. Click to enlarge.

New split-cycle concept to control diesel HCCI combustion

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The basic idea of the new Diesel combustion illustrated in this paper is to control the heat release rate by a gradual supply of an almost homogeneous charge, without relying on exhaust gas recirculation to moderate the reaction. Turbocharged HCPC engine scheme. Click to enlarge.

EADS demonstrating electric and hybrid aviation propulsion; innovative distributed propulsion series hybrid

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The project researches key innovative technologies that will improve fuel economy and reduce exhaust gas and noise emissions by having a distributed propulsion system architecture.

EPA report shows progress in reducing urban air toxics across US; 50% reduction from mobile sources since 1990

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Exhaust from diesel engines contains many urban air toxics, such as acetaldehyde, acrolein, benzene, 1,3-butadiene, formaldehyde and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. The EPA issued the first Urban Air Toxics Report to Congress in 2000.

EPA 5

Tour Engine moves its opposed-cylinder split-cycle engine to beta prototype; coupling a compression ratio of 8:1 with expansion ratio of 16:1 for increased efficiency

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Increasing the combustion cylinder volume to enable the combusted gas to expand further, and to convert the heat energy to kinetic energy more fully, reduces exhaust loss. completely venting the exhaust), as exemplified in the cartoons below by the cone-shaped protuberances in the pistons.

Mercedes-Benz introduces next-gen OM 471 heavy-duty engine; more fuel efficient, more torque with fast build-up at very low revs

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1; and a reduced exhaust gas recirculation rate (EGR rate). Now, all engine output ratings already muster up at least 2000 N·m of torque at just under 800 rpm. Exhaust gas recirculation.

Honda outlines technology for fuel efficiency push; engines, transmissions, hybrid, plug-in hybrid and electric powertrains

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Further, implementation of VTC and high-capacity EGR (Exhaust Gas Recirculation) to both the intake and exhaust ports realizes significantly reduced friction. Newly developed 2.4L-class gasoline engine. Click to enlarge. In Tokyo, Honda Motor Co.,

EPA to begin work on proposed rulemaking for on-road heavy-duty ultra-low NOx standard for MY 2024

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Further, the agency said, technical progress has been made in developing technologies and approaches that can reduce NO x emissions beyond the standards put in place in the 2000 rule. These technology examples, along with numerous cost-effective technological advances in exhaust after-treatment technologies, demonstrate that there are feasible approaches where GHG reductions and fuel efficiency do not have to be sacrificed to achieve greater NO x reductions.

EPA 1

Transonic demonstrates supercritical gasoline operation under low load, medium load, and high speed low load conditions; simulated vehicle fuel economy of 48.8 mpg

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Prior work at Transonic had shown high indicated thermal efficiency (up to 42%) with the use of EGR, and SC fuel temperature at 2000 rpm and 2 bar BMEP on a 1.6L In a multi-cylinder application, the fuel preheating will be accomplished using waste exhaust heat. Medium load was demonstrated at 2000 rpm 7.6

Jaguar adds two new smaller forced induction gasoline engines to 2013 XF and XJ lineup; 8-speed automatic and start-stop

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It achieves this through a combination of technologies which results in peak power of 240 PS (237 hp, 177 kW) at 5500 rpm and 340 N·m (251 lb-ft) of torque available between 2000 and 4000 rpm. The turbine housing for the low inertia turbocharger is integrated with the lightweight, thin-walled exhaust manifold, shortening the engine and catalyst warm up times and reducing emissions.

Mercedes-Benz introduces new Vito mid-size van; up to 41.3 mpg US, new front-wheel drive option

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Emission control comes via exhaust gas recirculation, a diesel particulate filter and an oxidation catalytic converter. torque 230 N·m at 1500–2000 rpm. The double overhead camshaft operates a total of 16 inlet and exhaust valves and is driven by a combination of gearwheels and a short chain. Emission control comes courtesy of exhaust gas recirculation, a diesel particulate filter and an oxidation catalytic converter. New Vito. Click to enlarge.

Jeep Cherokee in Europe gains new 2.2L MultiJet II diesel

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The displacement of the new engine (2184 cm 3 ) was defined to obtain high power, torque delivery and fuel efficiency and is combined with an optimized exhaust gas treatment system. The engine is supercharged by a novel variable geometry turbocharger integrated in the exhaust manifold.

Ascend Energy and Atrex Energy demo tubular SOFC electric ATV, fueled by natural gas

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Atrex Energy has worked on research and development of a commercially viable power generator utilizing Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFC) since 2000.

Gas 1

Promising Delphi 1st-gen Gasoline Direct Injection Compression Ignition engine meeting ultra fuel efficient program targets

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Due to the lower exhaust enthalpy of lower temperature engines using PPCI, it is difficult to produce intake boost with acceptable boost system parasitis. A practical powertrain system with robust PPCI combustion is needed, including injection, valvetrain, boost, and exhaust subsystems.

Evident Thermoelectrics acquires GMZ Energy

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In December 2014, GMZ had successfully demonstrated a 1kW TEG designed for diesel engine exhaust heat recapture in a Bradley Fighting Vehicle ( earlier post ). Evident, founded in 2000, is a leader in nanomaterials synthesis and products, and its record of achievement has included commercial product launches in quantum dots, LEDs, biotech and military applications. In a major expansion move, Evident Thermoelectrics has purchased the assets of GMZ Energy, Inc.

Porsche Panamera Diesel delivers 6.3L/100km (37 mpg)

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The Porsche Panamera Diesel features common rail direct injection through piezo valves at a pressure of 2000 bar; turbocharging employing electrically controlled variable geometry turbochargers (VGTs;) and emission control achieved by controlled exhaust gas recirculation, oxidation catalyst and particle filter. The Porsche Panamera Gran Turismo with a 3.0L diesel engine consumes 6.3 l/100 km (37.3 mpg US)—167 g/km CO 2 —on the NEDC with optional low-friction tires.

New Mercedes C-Class Estate offers new 1.6L diesel, diesel hybrid options; gasoline plug-in hybrid model coming

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An overhead camshaft actuates two intake and two exhaust valves per cylinder. 300 @ 2000. Mercedes-Benz is adding a new Estate (wagon) model to its C-Class family starting in September 2014.

New Ford Escape launching with two new EcoBoost engines with standard Auto Start-Stop

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New pistons provide a higher, more efficient compression ratio, and a newly designed, integrated exhaust manifold is optimized for the twin-scroll turbo system.

Chevrolet introduces second-generation Duramax 4-cylinder diesels; global engine

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The new Duramax engine uses an electric EGR valve for greater precision and a larger EGR cooler to further reduce recirculated exhaust gas temperature. The redesigned and improved intake manifold allows increased exhaust gas recirculation and increases air intake efficiency.