EIA: China’s use of methanol in liquid fuels has grown rapidly since 2000; >500K bpd in 2016

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About two-thirds of China’s methanol feedstock is produced from coal and the remainder from coking gas (a by-product of steel production) and natural gas. China is the global leader in methanol use and has recently expanded its methanol production capacity.

2000 78

IEA: CO2 emissions from fuel combustion rose 2.2% in 2013, below the average rate since 2000

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Both years were below the average growth rate since 2000 of 2.5%. The new IEA analysis of the official 2013 data shows that emerging economies’ emissions grew 4%, largely because of increased coal consumption, while there was no change in emissions by more developed countries that include most IEA members.

2000 65

Trending Sources

BP Statistical Review finds global oil share down for 12th year in a row, coal share up to highest level since 1969; renewables at 2%

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Coal’s market share of 30.3% Oil demand grew by less than 1%—the slowest rate amongst fossil fuels—while gas grew by 2.2%, and coal was the only fossil fuel with above average annual consumption growth at 5.4% Coal was again the fastest growing fossil fuel with predictable consequences for carbon emissions; it now accounts for 30.3% OECD coal consumption declined by 1.1%, although the EU used 3.6% or 10,000 bpd equivalent), the lowest rise seen since 2000.

Sasol to Study Viability of $10B Coal-to-Liquids Project in Indonesia

Green Car Congress

Sasol and the Indonesian government have signed a preliminary agreement to study the viability of developing a coal-to-liquids facility project in Indonesia, with estimated project cost of more than $10 billion. The technology could help unlock Indonesia’s abundant coal reserves and would improve energy security by reducing dependence on imported fuels,” said Gita Wirjawan, the head of Indonesia’s Investment Coordinating Board (BKPM) ,who represented the government in the signing ceremony.

Aquatech awarded a Zero Liquid Discharge (ZLD) contract for a major Chinese coal-to-chemicals project

Green Car Congress

Water purification technology company Aquatech has been awarded a contract for a Zero Liquid Discharge (ZLD) plant for a coal-to-chemicals facility in Hailer in Inner Mongolia. of it, producing 2000 m 3 /day (528,000 gallons US/day) of process water and 220 m 3 /day (58,000 gallons US/day) of distilled water for various end-user applications. The coal-to-chemicals plant is owned by Hulunbeier New Gold Chemical Co.

EIA: US energy-related CO2 dropped 2.7% in 2015; of end-use sectors, only transportation increased

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Specific circumstances, such as the very warm fourth quarter of 2015 and relatively low natural gas prices, put downward pressure on emissions as natural gas was substituted for coal in electricity generation.

2017 90

Traveling Through Time, Exploring the String Theory and Hugging the Giant Sequoias

Creative Greenius

In one of those alternative realities Al Gore got elected President in 2000 and because he understood what was happening with CO2 and other greenhouse gas emissions he made cutting emissions, and developing renewable and clean energy sources our country’s focus and goals.

Fossil fuel production increases despite recession

Green Cars News

According to Worldwatch Institute analysis, production of fossil fuels – namely oil, coal and natural gas – actually increased by 2.9 The leader in the growth of fossil fuel production is coal, which, in 2000, provided 28 per cent of the world’s fossil fuel energy production. Natural gas production meanwhile, has maintained a 27-28 per cent share of fossil energy production since 2000 and total gas production grew 3.8

2008 32

Traveling Through Time, Exploring the String Theory and Hugging the Giant Sequoias

Creative Greenius

In one of those alternative realities Al Gore got elected President in 2000 and because he understood what was happening with CO2 and other greenhouse gas emissions he made cutting emissions, and developing renewable and clean energy sources our country’s focus and goals.

SSAB, LKAB and Vattenfall launch long-term initiative for CO2-free ironmaking for steel production

Green Car Congress

Conventional direct reduced iron is produced by the reduction (removal of oxygen) of iron oxide lumps or pellets at 800-1050 °C—below the melting point of iron (1536 °C)—by interaction with reductants (H2+CO) derived from natural gas or coal.

2016 78

Solar Smackdown in Torrance – Installer Sues City on Behalf of the Sun

Creative Greenius

When I got back from Japan in 2000 I didn’t want to start a computer business. In 2000 there couldn’t have been too many old timers in the solar industry. THE HOLY GRAIL OF SOLAR: $3 A WATT, CHEAPER THAN COAL. And at sub $3 you’re cheaper than coal.

Solar 139

Fossil Fuel Production Up in 2008 Despite Recession

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World production of fossil fuels—oil, coal, and natural gas—increased 2.9% Coal has led the growth in fossil fuel production. In 2000, coal provided 28% of the world’s fossil fuel energy production, compared with 45% for oil. By 2008, coal production represented a third of fossil energy production. The growth in China’s coal consumption since 2000 dwarfs that of all other countries combined.

2008 60

Automakers agree on common plug to recharge electric vehicles

Tony Karrer Delicious EVdriven

That being said, even a car that derives its energy from coal power plants would be far more clean. In May 2000, Austin Energy planned to reduce nitrogen oxide (NOx) emissions by 40% at its Decker and Holly power plants, from 1700 tons per year to less than 1000tpy by 2003.

Study concludes abundant shale gas is neither climate hero nor villain; need for targeted GHG reduction policy

Green Car Congress

Shale gas in particular has grown rapidly, from less than one percent of US production in 2000 to 34% in 2012, and projections show strong production growth continuing for the foreseeable future. If natural gas is abundant and less expensive, it will encourage greater natural gas consumption and less consumption of fuels such as coal, renewables and nuclear power.

2014 60

Study finds that worldwide SO2 emissions rose between 2000-2005 after decade of decline; China, shipping topped growth

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Sulfur is ubiquitous in the biosphere and often occurs in relatively high concentrations in fossil fuels, with coal and crude oil deposits commonly containing 1–2% sulfur by weight. Since 1980, the fraction of sulfur coming from petroleum (50%) and coal (30%) has remained constant.

2011 78

Evidence from glacier ice: Until it was banned, leaded gasoline dominated the anthropogenic lead emissions in South America

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Apart from combustion of leaded gasoline, major sources of anthropogenic Pb emissions include mining, metallurgical processing, and coal burning. Record of the ratio of the lead isotopes 208Pb/207Pb in the Illimani ice core during the period AD 1850–2000.

Berkeley Lab releases 8th edition of databook on China’s energy and environment; finding the “missing” energy consumption

Green Car Congress

They used a lot more coal than they originally admitted to, several hundred million tons more. Like many other people, we were writing articles around 2000 about the decline in China’s energy consumption in the late 1990s.

2013 78

GCP Carbon Budget Finds Anthropogenic CO2 Emissions Rose 2% in 2008 Despite Global Financial Crisis; Natural Sinks Not Keeping Pace With Increasing Emissions

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The authors, under the umbrella of the Global Carbon Project , reported a 29% increase in global CO 2 emissions from fossil fuel between 2000 and 2008 (the latest year for which figures are available), and by 41% between 2008 and 1990, the reference year of the Kyoto Protocol. between 2000 and 2008, compared with 1% per year in the 1990s. Emissions from coal are now the dominant fossil fuel emission source, surpassing 40 years of oil emission prevalence.

2009 60

US EIA Reports Record-setting 7% Overall Decline in US Carbon Dioxide Emissions in 2009; Transport Emissions Down 4.1%, Lowest Percentage Reduction of the End-UseSectors

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In 2009, the carbon intensity of the electric power sector decreased by nearly 4.3%, primarily due to fuel switching as the price of coal rose 6.8% Increased use of natural gas in place of coal caused the sector’s carbon intensity to decrease.

2010 85

IPCC: GHG emissions accelerating despite mitigation efforts; major institutional and technological change required to keep the heat down

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giga tonne carbon dioxide equivalent (GtCO 2 eq) (2.2%) per year from 2000 to 2010 compared to 0.4 GtCO 2 eq (1.3%) per year from 1970 to 2000. Total anthropogenic GHG emissions were the highest in human history from 2000 to 2010 and reached 49 (±4.5)

2014 85

IEA: improving efficiency of road-freight transport critical to reduce oil-demand growth; three areas of focus

Green Car Congress

Yet the growth in oil demand from trucks has outpaced all other sectors—including passenger cars, aviation, industry and petrochemical feedstocks—since 2000 and contributed 40% to global oil demand growth, a similar contribution as cars. Road freight vehicles alone accounted for about 80% of the global net increase in diesel demand since 2000, and make up about half of global diesel demand today.

2017 60

Lux Research provides snapshot of oil majors’ investments in alternative fuels; BP leads investment frequency

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Lux Research has investigated the trends of corporate financing of alternative fuels from oil majors, based on a non-exhaustive database of more than 1,000 deals and partnership engagements from 2000 through September, 2014.

2014 78

Final session on international mercury convention this week expected to culminate in agreement; UNEP Global Mercury Assessment 2013 finds industrial source Hg emissions may be rising

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Unintentional emission sectors: Coal burning, ferrous- and non-ferrous (Au, Cu, Hg, Pb, Zn) metal production, cement production. Artisanal and small-scale gold mining and coal burning are the major sources of anthropogenic mercury emissions to air.

2013 90

MIT report finds China’s actions on climate change crucial; argues for global economy-wide greenhouse gas tax

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From 2000 to 2010, China’s energy use grew 130%, up from a growth of 50% the previous decade. China’s share of global energy-related CO 2 emissions has increased in just eight years from 14% in 2000 to 22% in 2008. Eighty percent of those emissions came from coal, making China the consumer of about half the world’s coal.

Black carbon is a much larger cause of climate change than previously assessed; about twice previous estimates, and 2/3 the effect of CO2

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Emission rates of BC in the year 2000 by region, indicating major source categories in each region. Total global emissions of black carbon using bottom-up inventory methods are 7500 Gg yr -1 in the year 2000 with an uncertainty range of 2000 to 29000.

PBL/JRC: Global CO2 emissions increase to new all-time record in 2013, but growth is slowing down

Green Car Congress

The emissions increase in the United States in 2013 (+2.5%) was mainly due to a shift in power production from gas back to coal together with an increase in gas consumption due to a higher demand for space heating. China started to take new measures to improve energy efficiency and to make a fuel shift away from coal, including coal consumption targets, an increase in hydropower and structural changes.

2014 60

Why Warren Buffett is investing in electric car company BYD - Apr. 13, 2009

Tony Karrer Delicious EVdriven

By about 2000, BYD had become one of the worlds largest manufacturers of cellphone batteries. Thats because electric engines are more efficient than internal-combustion engines, and because generating energy on a large scale (in coal or nuclear plants) is less wasteful than doing it on a small scale (by burning gasoline in an internal-combustion engine).

2009 36

EIA: US energy-related CO2 emissions down 2.4% in 2011 while GDP rose

Green Car Congress

Since 1949, the 2011 decline in coal generation of more 6% is second only to the decline in 2009 of almost 12%. As recently as 2005, coal’s share of electric power sector generation was more than 51%. The introduction of new, efficient gas-fired capacity and a recent decline in the price of natural gas has helped boost natural gas’ share from 14% in 2000 to 24% in 2011.

2012 60

MIT study says combustion emissions cause ~200,000 premature deaths/year in US; vehicles and power generation top sources

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2000 (90% CI: 0–4,000) early deaths from ozone, according to the study. The largest impact was seen in the east-central United States and in the Midwest: Eastern power plants tend to use coal with higher sulfur content than Western plants.

2013 95

Study finds global CO2 emissions back on the rise in 2010

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The poor improvements in carbon intensity were caused by an increased share of fossil-fuel CO 2 emissions produced by emerging economies with a relatively high carbon intensity, and an increasing reliance on coal. The study projects that if economic growth proceeds as expected, global fossil fuel emissions will increase by more than 3% in 2010, approaching the high emissions growth rates observed through 2000 to 2008.

2010 60

U Chicago, MIT study suggests ongoing use of fossil fuels absent new carbon taxes

Green Car Congress

In the US alone, oil reserves have expanded 59% between 2000 and 2014, and natural gas reserves have expanded 94% in the same time. for oil, 24% for coal, and 20% for natural gas. Of those emissions, coal generates about 45%, oil around 35%, and natural gas about 20%.

2016 60

Global CO2 emissions up 3% in 2011; per capita CO2 emissions in China reach EU levels

Green Car Congress

An estimated cumulative global total of 420 billion tonnes of CO 2 has been emitted between 2000 and 2011 due to human activities, including deforestation—representing between 28 to 42% of the 1,500 to 1,000 billion tonnes maximum for the period 2000-2050 required to keep the rise in average global temperature to 2 °C above pre-industrial levels, according to models. Coal consumption increased globally by 5.4 % in 2011, which is an above average growth, and accounts for 30.3%

2012 60

DOE Selects Two SOFC Projects to Move Into Next SECA Phase

Green Car Congress

The projects—led by FuelCell Energy, in partnership with VersaPower Systems, and Siemens Energy—have successfully demonstrated solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) designed for aggregation and use in coal-fueled central power generation. SOFCs operate by separating oxygen from air and transferring it across a solid electrolyte membrane, where it reacts with a fuel—such as synthesis gas derived from coal, biofuels, or natural gas—to produce steam and carbon dioxide (CO 2 ).

2009 60

Swiss company outlines methanol-to-gasoline option for Alaska North Slope gas to state legislature

Green Car Congress

Eastman originally bought the plant in 2007 for a $1.6-billion coal-gasification project, but called off the project in late 2009 due to high capital requirements, the narrow difference between petroleum and natural gas prices and uncertain US energy policy.

Shell updates energy scenarios; world entering an era of volatile transitions

Green Car Congress

Underlying global demand for energy by 2050 could triple from its 2000 level if emerging economies follow historical patterns of development. But this still leaves a gap between business as-usual supply and business-as-usual demand of around 400 EJ/a: the size of the whole industry in 2000.

2011 78

EPA report shows progress in reducing urban air toxics across US; 50% reduction from mobile sources since 1990

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Other results include: a 66% reduction in benzene; a nearly 60% reduction in mercury from man-made sources such as coal-fired power plants; an 84% decrease of lead in outdoor air; the removal of an estimated 1.5 The EPA issued the first Urban Air Toxics Report to Congress in 2000.

2014 69

Researchers Propose Solar-Driven Biomass Gasification Pathway for Synthetic Fuel Production

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For comparison, they also modeled the production of methanol using only biomass as a fuel and also using coal as source of both carbon and energy. Solar-Driven Biomass Gasification Biomass-Fired Biomass Gasification with CO 2 Capture Coal Gasification with CO 2 Capture. Most of the 77 EJ of direct energy use in transportation in 2000 consisted of liquid fuels. Schema of synfuel synthesis through solar-driven biomass gasification.

2009 69

Perspective: Despite Solyndra’s death, the future of solar energy is sunny

Green Car Congress

Remember when the dot.com bubble burst in 2000 and, seemingly overnight, some companies ceased making millions hand-over-fist? With subsidies long in place for nuclear, coal and gas in the US along with the cheap cost of production for coal and natural gas, solar is essentially competing with that $0.10/kWh average cost of electricity in the United States and globally. by Steven Pleging, CEO/President of Quantum Solar Power Corp.

2011 65

Study projects thermoelectric power in Europe and US vulnerable to climate change due to lower summer river flows and higher river water temperatures

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Projected changes in summer mean usable capacity of power plants in the US and Europe for the SRES A2 emissions scenario for the 2040s (2031–2060) relative to the control period (1971–2000). 58%) could also reduce the vulnerability because of smaller water demands when compared with coal- and nuclear-fueled stations (with mean efficiencies of ?46%

Mascoma Announces Feedstock Processing and Lignin Supply Agreement with Chevron Technology Ventures; Chevron Working on Converting Lignin to Hydrocarbon Fuel Components

Green Car Congress

The presence of carbon monoxide in the syngas can assist with the conversion of lignin, and the observed effect is similar to that seen for coal hydroprocessing with syngas compared to hydrogen alone. Unlike coal or heavy crude oil hydroprocessing, significant amounts of water are produced as a result of lignin hydroprocessing, due to the fact that lignin is oxygenated to a much greater degree than coal or heavy crude oil.