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EIA: China’s use of methanol in liquid fuels has grown rapidly since 2000; >500K bpd in 2016

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About two-thirds of China’s methanol feedstock is produced from coal and the remainder from coking gas (a by-product of steel production) and natural gas. China is the global leader in methanol use and has recently expanded its methanol production capacity.

IEA: CO2 emissions from fuel combustion rose 2.2% in 2013, below the average rate since 2000

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Both years were below the average growth rate since 2000 of 2.5%. The new IEA analysis of the official 2013 data shows that emerging economies’ emissions grew 4%, largely because of increased coal consumption, while there was no change in emissions by more developed countries that include most IEA members.

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BP Statistical Review finds global oil share down for 12th year in a row, coal share up to highest level since 1969; renewables at 2%

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Coal’s market share of 30.3% Oil demand grew by less than 1%—the slowest rate amongst fossil fuels—while gas grew by 2.2%, and coal was the only fossil fuel with above average annual consumption growth at 5.4% Coal was again the fastest growing fossil fuel with predictable consequences for carbon emissions; it now accounts for 30.3% OECD coal consumption declined by 1.1%, although the EU used 3.6% or 10,000 bpd equivalent), the lowest rise seen since 2000.

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Lux Research provides snapshot of oil majors’ investments in alternative fuels; BP leads investment frequency

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Lux Research has investigated the trends of corporate financing of alternative fuels from oil majors, based on a non-exhaustive database of more than 1,000 deals and partnership engagements from 2000 through September, 2014.

Sasol to Study Viability of $10B Coal-to-Liquids Project in Indonesia

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Sasol and the Indonesian government have signed a preliminary agreement to study the viability of developing a coal-to-liquids facility project in Indonesia, with estimated project cost of more than $10 billion. The technology could help unlock Indonesia’s abundant coal reserves and would improve energy security by reducing dependence on imported fuels,” said Gita Wirjawan, the head of Indonesia’s Investment Coordinating Board (BKPM) ,who represented the government in the signing ceremony.

UCS analysis finds Hyundai-Kia with best sales-weighted new vehicle environmental performance in US in 2013

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For the first time since UCS began the Automaker Rankings report in 2000, all eight major automakers reduced their average greenhouse gas (GHG) and smog-forming emissions compared to their fleet averages from 1998, the model year examined in the first report. Click to enlarge.

PBL/JRC: Global CO2 emissions increase to new all-time record in 2013, but growth is slowing down

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The emissions increase in the United States in 2013 (+2.5%) was mainly due to a shift in power production from gas back to coal together with an increase in gas consumption due to a higher demand for space heating. China started to take new measures to improve energy efficiency and to make a fuel shift away from coal, including coal consumption targets, an increase in hydropower and structural changes.

MIT report finds China’s actions on climate change crucial; argues for global economy-wide greenhouse gas tax

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From 2000 to 2010, China’s energy use grew 130%, up from a growth of 50% the previous decade. China’s share of global energy-related CO 2 emissions has increased in just eight years from 14% in 2000 to 22% in 2008. Eighty percent of those emissions came from coal, making China the consumer of about half the world’s coal.

Global CO2 emissions up 3% in 2011; per capita CO2 emissions in China reach EU levels

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An estimated cumulative global total of 420 billion tonnes of CO 2 has been emitted between 2000 and 2011 due to human activities, including deforestation—representing between 28 to 42% of the 1,500 to 1,000 billion tonnes maximum for the period 2000-2050 required to keep the rise in average global temperature to 2 °C above pre-industrial levels, according to models. Coal consumption increased globally by 5.4 % in 2011, which is an above average growth, and accounts for 30.3%

PwC analysis finds meeting 2 C warming target would require “unprecedented and sustained” reductions over four decades

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Since 2000, the global rate of decarbonization has averaged 0.8%; from 2010 to 2011, global carbon intensity fell by just 0.7%. PwC analysis finds a need for global carbon intensity to drop an average of 5.1% per year through 2050. Click to enlarge.

Study finds that worldwide SO2 emissions rose between 2000-2005 after decade of decline; China, shipping topped growth

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Sulfur is ubiquitous in the biosphere and often occurs in relatively high concentrations in fossil fuels, with coal and crude oil deposits commonly containing 1–2% sulfur by weight. Since 1980, the fraction of sulfur coming from petroleum (50%) and coal (30%) has remained constant.

EIA: US energy-related CO2 dropped 2.7% in 2015; of end-use sectors, only transportation increased

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Specific circumstances, such as the very warm fourth quarter of 2015 and relatively low natural gas prices, put downward pressure on emissions as natural gas was substituted for coal in electricity generation.

Shell updates energy scenarios; world entering an era of volatile transitions

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Underlying global demand for energy by 2050 could triple from its 2000 level if emerging economies follow historical patterns of development. But this still leaves a gap between business as-usual supply and business-as-usual demand of around 400 EJ/a: the size of the whole industry in 2000.

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Swiss company outlines methanol-to-gasoline option for Alaska North Slope gas to state legislature

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Eastman originally bought the plant in 2007 for a $1.6-billion coal-gasification project, but called off the project in late 2009 due to high capital requirements, the narrow difference between petroleum and natural gas prices and uncertain US energy policy.

IPCC: GHG emissions accelerating despite mitigation efforts; major institutional and technological change required to keep the heat down

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giga tonne carbon dioxide equivalent (GtCO 2 eq) (2.2%) per year from 2000 to 2010 compared to 0.4 GtCO 2 eq (1.3%) per year from 1970 to 2000. Total anthropogenic GHG emissions were the highest in human history from 2000 to 2010 and reached 49 (±4.5)

Study projects thermoelectric power in Europe and US vulnerable to climate change due to lower summer river flows and higher river water temperatures

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Projected changes in summer mean usable capacity of power plants in the US and Europe for the SRES A2 emissions scenario for the 2040s (2031–2060) relative to the control period (1971–2000). 58%) could also reduce the vulnerability because of smaller water demands when compared with coal- and nuclear-fueled stations (with mean efficiencies of ?46%

MIT study says combustion emissions cause ~200,000 premature deaths/year in US; vehicles and power generation top sources

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2000 (90% CI: 0–4,000) early deaths from ozone, according to the study. The largest impact was seen in the east-central United States and in the Midwest: Eastern power plants tend to use coal with higher sulfur content than Western plants.

IEA estimates energy-related CO2 emissions in 2010 highest in history; 80% of projected 2020 emissions from the power sector are already locked in

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In terms of fuels, 44% of the estimated CO 2 emissions in 2010 came from coal, 36% from oil, and 20% from natural gas. For this goal to be achieved, the long-term concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere must be limited to around 450 parts per million of CO 2 -equivalent—a 5% increase compared to an estimated 430 parts per million in 2000—according to the IEA.

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Fossil fuel production increases despite recession

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According to Worldwatch Institute analysis, production of fossil fuels – namely oil, coal and natural gas – actually increased by 2.9 The leader in the growth of fossil fuel production is coal, which, in 2000, provided 28 per cent of the world’s fossil fuel energy production. Natural gas production meanwhile, has maintained a 27-28 per cent share of fossil energy production since 2000 and total gas production grew 3.8

SSAB, LKAB and Vattenfall launch long-term initiative for CO2-free ironmaking for steel production

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Conventional direct reduced iron is produced by the reduction (removal of oxygen) of iron oxide lumps or pellets at 800-1050 °C—below the melting point of iron (1536 °C)—by interaction with reductants (H2+CO) derived from natural gas or coal.

Perspective: Despite Solyndra’s death, the future of solar energy is sunny

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Remember when the dot.com bubble burst in 2000 and, seemingly overnight, some companies ceased making millions hand-over-fist? With subsidies long in place for nuclear, coal and gas in the US along with the cheap cost of production for coal and natural gas, solar is essentially competing with that $0.10/kWh average cost of electricity in the United States and globally. by Steven Pleging, CEO/President of Quantum Solar Power Corp.

EPA report shows progress in reducing urban air toxics across US; 50% reduction from mobile sources since 1990

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Other results include: a 66% reduction in benzene; a nearly 60% reduction in mercury from man-made sources such as coal-fired power plants; an 84% decrease of lead in outdoor air; the removal of an estimated 1.5 The EPA issued the first Urban Air Toxics Report to Congress in 2000.

Fossil Fuel Production Up in 2008 Despite Recession

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World production of fossil fuels—oil, coal, and natural gas—increased 2.9% Coal has led the growth in fossil fuel production. In 2000, coal provided 28% of the world’s fossil fuel energy production, compared with 45% for oil. By 2008, coal production represented a third of fossil energy production. The growth in China’s coal consumption since 2000 dwarfs that of all other countries combined.

EIA releases report on CO2 emissions by state; California led in 2010 with transportation-sector emissions

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For example, some states are located near abundant hydroelectric supplies, while others contain abundant coal resources. From 2000 to 2010, CO 2 emissions fell in 32 states and rose in 18 states. Energy-related CO 2 emissions buy state, 2010. Source: EIA. Click to enlarge. The US Energy Information Administration (EIA) has released a new report, State-Level Energy-Related Carbon Dioxide Emissions, 2000-2010.

Traveling Through Time, Exploring the String Theory and Hugging the Giant Sequoias

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In one of those alternative realities Al Gore got elected President in 2000 and because he understood what was happening with CO2 and other greenhouse gas emissions he made cutting emissions, and developing renewable and clean energy sources our country’s focus and goals.

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Traveling Through Time, Exploring the String Theory and Hugging the Giant Sequoias

Creative Greenius

In one of those alternative realities Al Gore got elected President in 2000 and because he understood what was happening with CO2 and other greenhouse gas emissions he made cutting emissions, and developing renewable and clean energy sources our country’s focus and goals.

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Study concludes abundant shale gas is neither climate hero nor villain; need for targeted GHG reduction policy

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Shale gas in particular has grown rapidly, from less than one percent of US production in 2000 to 34% in 2012, and projections show strong production growth continuing for the foreseeable future. If natural gas is abundant and less expensive, it will encourage greater natural gas consumption and less consumption of fuels such as coal, renewables and nuclear power.

ExxonMobil Outlook: 35% growth in energy demand by 2040; hybrids to account for ~50% of new vehicle sales

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Vehicle penetration 2000 to 2040. Natural gas is projected to account for more than one quarter of all global energy needs by 2040 and it is expected to overtake coal as the largest source of electricity.

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Evidence from glacier ice: Until it was banned, leaded gasoline dominated the anthropogenic lead emissions in South America

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Apart from combustion of leaded gasoline, major sources of anthropogenic Pb emissions include mining, metallurgical processing, and coal burning. Record of the ratio of the lead isotopes 208Pb/207Pb in the Illimani ice core during the period AD 1850–2000.

Berkeley Lab releases 8th edition of databook on China’s energy and environment; finding the “missing” energy consumption

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They used a lot more coal than they originally admitted to, several hundred million tons more. Like many other people, we were writing articles around 2000 about the decline in China’s energy consumption in the late 1990s.

GCP Carbon Budget Finds Anthropogenic CO2 Emissions Rose 2% in 2008 Despite Global Financial Crisis; Natural Sinks Not Keeping Pace With Increasing Emissions

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The authors, under the umbrella of the Global Carbon Project , reported a 29% increase in global CO 2 emissions from fossil fuel between 2000 and 2008 (the latest year for which figures are available), and by 41% between 2008 and 1990, the reference year of the Kyoto Protocol. between 2000 and 2008, compared with 1% per year in the 1990s. Emissions from coal are now the dominant fossil fuel emission source, surpassing 40 years of oil emission prevalence.

US EIA Reports Record-setting 7% Overall Decline in US Carbon Dioxide Emissions in 2009; Transport Emissions Down 4.1%, Lowest Percentage Reduction of the End-UseSectors

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In 2009, the carbon intensity of the electric power sector decreased by nearly 4.3%, primarily due to fuel switching as the price of coal rose 6.8% Increased use of natural gas in place of coal caused the sector’s carbon intensity to decrease.

Final session on international mercury convention this week expected to culminate in agreement; UNEP Global Mercury Assessment 2013 finds industrial source Hg emissions may be rising

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Unintentional emission sectors: Coal burning, ferrous- and non-ferrous (Au, Cu, Hg, Pb, Zn) metal production, cement production. Artisanal and small-scale gold mining and coal burning are the major sources of anthropogenic mercury emissions to air.

EIA: US energy-related CO2 emissions down 2.4% in 2011 while GDP rose

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Since 1949, the 2011 decline in coal generation of more 6% is second only to the decline in 2009 of almost 12%. As recently as 2005, coal’s share of electric power sector generation was more than 51%. The introduction of new, efficient gas-fired capacity and a recent decline in the price of natural gas has helped boost natural gas’ share from 14% in 2000 to 24% in 2011.

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U Chicago, MIT study suggests ongoing use of fossil fuels absent new carbon taxes

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In the US alone, oil reserves have expanded 59% between 2000 and 2014, and natural gas reserves have expanded 94% in the same time. for oil, 24% for coal, and 20% for natural gas. Of those emissions, coal generates about 45%, oil around 35%, and natural gas about 20%.

Study finds global CO2 emissions back on the rise in 2010

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The poor improvements in carbon intensity were caused by an increased share of fossil-fuel CO 2 emissions produced by emerging economies with a relatively high carbon intensity, and an increasing reliance on coal. The study projects that if economic growth proceeds as expected, global fossil fuel emissions will increase by more than 3% in 2010, approaching the high emissions growth rates observed through 2000 to 2008.

DOE Selects Two SOFC Projects to Move Into Next SECA Phase

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The projects—led by FuelCell Energy, in partnership with VersaPower Systems, and Siemens Energy—have successfully demonstrated solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) designed for aggregation and use in coal-fueled central power generation. SOFCs operate by separating oxygen from air and transferring it across a solid electrolyte membrane, where it reacts with a fuel—such as synthesis gas derived from coal, biofuels, or natural gas—to produce steam and carbon dioxide (CO 2 ).

Study Finds Black Carbon a Significant Factor in Melting of Himalayan Glaciers

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The main reason for the increase is the accelerated economic activity in India and China over the last 20 years; top sources of black carbon include shipping, vehicle emissions, coal burning and inefficient stoves. According to Menon’s data, black carbon emitted in India increased by 46% from 1990 to 2000 and by another 51% from 2000 to 2010.

Researchers Propose Solar-Driven Biomass Gasification Pathway for Synthetic Fuel Production

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For comparison, they also modeled the production of methanol using only biomass as a fuel and also using coal as source of both carbon and energy. Solar-Driven Biomass Gasification Biomass-Fired Biomass Gasification with CO 2 Capture Coal Gasification with CO 2 Capture. Most of the 77 EJ of direct energy use in transportation in 2000 consisted of liquid fuels. Schema of synfuel synthesis through solar-driven biomass gasification.

Air pollution regulations over last decade in Chinese city has halved health costs

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Between 2000 and 2012, these included mandating the closure of many polluting sources, auditing companies that produced large amounts of toxic and hazardous materials, setting pollutant emissions standards, and promoting energy efficiency and pollution reduction. Particulate matter is released by coal-burning plants and other sources.