Black carbon is a much larger cause of climate change than previously assessed; about twice previous estimates, and 2/3 the effect of CO2

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the distribution of black carbon in the atmosphere and determine its role in the climate system. Accounting for all of the ways black carbon can affect climate, it is believed to have a warming effect of about 1.1 Synthesis of black carbon climate forcing terms.

MIT report finds China’s actions on climate change crucial; argues for global economy-wide greenhouse gas tax

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A new report from the MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change shows the importance of all major nations taking part in global efforts to reduce emissions—and in particular, finds China’s role to be crucial. The report—titled “The Role of China in Mitigating Climate Change” and published in the journal Energy Economics , compares the impact of a stringent emissions reduction policy with and without China’s participation.

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Study projects thermoelectric power in Europe and US vulnerable to climate change due to lower summer river flows and higher river water temperatures

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Projected changes in summer mean usable capacity of power plants in the US and Europe for the SRES A2 emissions scenario for the 2040s (2031–2060) relative to the control period (1971–2000). A study published in Nature Climate Change suggests that thermoelectric power plants (i.e., 16% in the United States depending on cooling system type and climate scenario for 2031—2060. Nature Climate Change doi: 10.1038/NCLIMATE1546.

PwC analysis finds meeting 2 C warming target would require “unprecedented and sustained” reductions over four decades

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Since 2000, the global rate of decarbonization has averaged 0.8%; from 2010 to 2011, global carbon intensity fell by just 0.7%. —Leo Johnson, Partner, Sustainability and Climate Change, PwC. —Jonathan Grant, director, sustainability and climate change, PwC.

PBL/JRC: Global CO2 emissions increase to new all-time record in 2013, but growth is slowing down

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China started to take new measures to improve energy efficiency and to make a fuel shift away from coal, including coal consumption targets, an increase in hydropower and structural changes. Global biofuel production has been growing steadily from 16 billion liters in 2000; 100 billion liters in 2011; and 113 billion liters in 2013. Climate Change Emissions

Study Finds On-Road Transportation Sector the Greatest Net Contributor to Atmospheric Warming Now and in Mid-Term; Power Sector Takes the Lead by 2050

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Radiative forcing due to perpetual constant year 2000 emissions grouped by sector for 2020 (left) and 2100 (right) showing the contribution from each species. This approach will make it easier to identify sectors for which emission reductions will be most beneficial for climate and those which may produce unintended consequences.”. It’s good for the climate in the short term and long term, and it’s good for our health.”. Tags: Climate Change Emissions Policy

IEA estimates energy-related CO2 emissions in 2010 highest in history; 80% of projected 2020 emissions from the power sector are already locked in

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Global leaders agreed a target of limiting temperature increase to 2 °C at the UN climate change talks in Cancun in 2010. For this goal to be achieved, the long-term concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere must be limited to around 450 parts per million of CO 2 -equivalent—a 5% increase compared to an estimated 430 parts per million in 2000—according to the IEA. Climate Change Emissions Policy

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EPA report to Congress finds a strong scientific and technical foundation for mitigating black carbon emissions

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The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has submitted its final Report to Congress on Black Carbon , in response to an October 2009 request from Congress to advance efforts to understand the role of black carbon (BC) in climate change. Effects of BC on climate, as compared to GHGs.

IPCC: GHG emissions accelerating despite mitigation efforts; major institutional and technological change required to keep the heat down

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Decomposition of the decadal change in total global CO 2 emissions from fossil fuel combustion by four driving factors; population, income (GDP) per capita, energy intensity of GDP and carbon intensity of energy. GtCO 2 eq (1.3%) per year from 1970 to 2000.

UN Review of Recent Climate Research Concludes That Impacts Of Climate Change Coming Faster Than Anticipated

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Significant climate anomalies 2008/2009. Source: Climate Change Compendium. A UN review of some 400 major scientific contributions to Earth systems and climate science released through peer-reviewed literature or from research institutions over the last three years, has found that the pace and scale of climate change may now be outstripping even the worst case predictions of the last report of the Intergovernmental Panel of Climate Change (IPCC).

UC Berkeley study concludes demand reduction policies on light-duty vehicles essential to meeting GHG reduction targets by 2050

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A team from the University of California, Berkeley concludes that reducing demand for light-duty vehicle (LDV) travel will likely be essential to meeting the international greenhouse gas emission and climate targets for the year 2050. persons per vehicle, typical of European averages in 2000.

Reducing Black Carbon Emissions and Ground-Level Ozone Would Provide Immediate Benefit Against Climate Change

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Reducing emissions of black carbon soot and ground-level ozone would quickly make a considerable dent in the climate change problem and would also contribute to public health and protect crop yields, according to an essay in the September/October issue of Foreign Affairs. The piece was co-authored by Scripps Institution of Oceanography at UC San Diego climate and atmospheric scientist V. A provision on black carbon is also included in the Waxman-Markey climate bill.

Traveling Through Time, Exploring the String Theory and Hugging the Giant Sequoias

Creative Greenius

In one of those alternative realities Al Gore got elected President in 2000 and because he understood what was happening with CO2 and other greenhouse gas emissions he made cutting emissions, and developing renewable and clean energy sources our country’s focus and goals.

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Traveling Through Time, Exploring the String Theory and Hugging the Giant Sequoias

Creative Greenius

In one of those alternative realities Al Gore got elected President in 2000 and because he understood what was happening with CO2 and other greenhouse gas emissions he made cutting emissions, and developing renewable and clean energy sources our country’s focus and goals.

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World Bank/ICCT report provides guidance to reducing black carbon emissions from diesels in developing countries

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The transportation sector accounted for approximately 19% of global black carbon emissions in the year 2000, according to the report. Black carbon has been found to be second to carbon dioxide in terms of its climate forcing. Climate Change Diesel Emissions Fuels Health Policy

JPL study finds Earths largest lakes warming due to climate change

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response to climate change. The temperatures of large inland water bodies are good indicators of climate change and have been used for climate change studies. Our analysis provides a new, independent data source for assessing the impact of climate change over land around the world. The results have implications for lake ecosystems, which can be adversely affected by even small water temperature changes.

IPCC Scientist Says Climate Change Likely to Accelerate More Quickly and Be More Damaging Than Predicted

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Without decisive action, climate change this century is likely to accelerate at a much faster pace and cause more environmental damage than predicted, according to Professor Chris Field of Stanford University, and a leading member of the UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. As a result, the impacts of climate change will probably be more serious and diverse than those described in the fourth assessment.

CSIRO/BOM: Australias Mean Temperature has Risen 0.7 C Since 1960, Climate Change is Real

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C (1.26 °F) since 1960 and other observed changes in rainfall, sea level rise, ocean acidification and atmospheric CO 2 concentration show that “ climate change is real ”, according to a joint CSIRO/Bureau of Meteorology (BOM) statement and snapshot of the state of the country’s climate. CSIRO, Australia’s national science agency, and the Bureau of Meteorology are the country’s two lead climate science agencies. State of the Climate (March 2010).

Study finds that worldwide SO2 emissions rose between 2000-2005 after decade of decline; China, shipping topped growth

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Sulfur aerosols impact human health, ecosystems, agriculture, and global and regional climate. grid by sector for use in coordinated climate model experiments. Sulfur dioxide forms sulfate aerosols that have a significant effect on global and regional climate.

EIA releases report on CO2 emissions by state; California led in 2010 with transportation-sector emissions

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Factors such as size, population density, available fuels, types of businesses, climate, all play a role in both total and per capita emissions, the EIA noted. If the emissions associated with the generation of electricity were allocated to the states where that electricity is consumed, in many cases, the emissions profiles of both the producing and consuming states would change, the EIA noted. From 2000 to 2010, CO 2 emissions fell in 32 states and rose in 18 states.

UN report projects that increasing use of HFCs likely to have a significant climate impact by 2050; equivalent to current total annual emissions from transport

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The contribution of HFCs to climate forcing is currently less than 1% of all greenhouse gases. If HFC emissions continue to increase, they are likely to have a noticeable influence on the climate system. W m -2 relative to 2000. This increase may be as much as one-fifth to one-quarter of the expected increase in radiative forcing due to the buildup of CO 2 since 2000, according to the SRES emission scenarios. Climate and the Ozone Layer. Climate-friendly HFCs.

EIA: US energy-related CO2 dropped 2.7% in 2015; of end-use sectors, only transportation increased

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Wind and solar (combined) accounted for about 17% of non-fossil electricity generation in 2015 after rising from less than 1% in 2000 to 2% in 2005. Climate Change Emissions Market Background

UK new car CO2 emissions fell 3.5% in 2010 and more than 20% since 2000

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Average CO 2 emissions from new cars have fallen by more than 20% since 2000. Cars in the sub-130 g/km CO 2 category represented almost 40% of the market in 2010 compared with less than 1% in 2000. Executive (-28.1%) and Mini (-25.8%) segments recorded the biggest improvements against the levels of 2000. . The economic and political challenges of high fuel prices, energy security and climate change are shared issues that must be addressed at an international level.

California Air Resources Board posts revised draft of strategy to reduce “Super Pollutants”

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The California Air Resources Board (CARB) has posted a revised draft of California’s proposed Short-Lived Climate Pollutant (SLCP) Strategy. SLCPs may account for an estimated 40% of global warming, increasing the impacts of climate change.

Study finds global carbon emissions reached 10 billion tonnes in 2010

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Published in the journal Nature Climate Change , the new analysis shows fossil fuel emissions increased by 5.9% each year between 2000 and 2010—three times the rate of increase during the 1990s. Global CO 2 emissions since 2000 are tracking the high end of the projections used by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, which far exceed two degrees warming by 2100. Nature Climate Change doi: 10.1038/nclimate1332.

Report Finds Rate of Growth of Global Greenhouse Gas Emissions Sharply Increased Between 2000 and 2005

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Anthropogenic global greenhouse gas emissions increased by 15% between 2000 and 2005, a sharp increase in the expected rate of growth, according to a new report from the European Commission’s Joint Research Centre (JRC). The EDGAR statistics will be used to provide a global perspective on worldwide trends in greenhouse gas emissions at the United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP15), which will take place in Copenhagen in December 2009.

Greenius Says No to Offshore Drilling. Mr. President, You Are Following A Failed Strategy & Wasting Time

Creative Greenius

The Greenius understands full well this “ Let’s Keep Lindsey Graham and Joe Lieberman Aboard the Climate Bill Bandwagon &# approach, just as I can grok how ineffective and nonproductive that approach is.

California ARB posts discussion document for developing Advanced Clean Transit (ACT) regulation

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These proposed requirements will provide near-term NO x , particulate matter, and GHG emissions reductions to help meet nearer term air quality, climate, and petroleum targets. What are potential new and creative approaches to meet climate goals with innovative transit solutions beyond buses?

UCS analysis finds Hyundai-Kia with best sales-weighted new vehicle environmental performance in US in 2013

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For the first time since UCS began the Automaker Rankings report in 2000, all eight major automakers reduced their average greenhouse gas (GHG) and smog-forming emissions compared to their fleet averages from 1998, the model year examined in the first report. Click to enlarge.

Ford researchers: global light-duty CO2 regulatory targets broadly consistent with 450 ppm stabilization

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The SMP model calculates 2000?2050 The Ford team updated the SMP model with historical data for 2000, 2005, and 2010, and extended the model to calculate the total CO 2 emissions (tonnes) and the TTW (tank-to-wheel) emission rate (g CO 2 /km) for the new vehicle fleet.

U Chicago, MIT study suggests ongoing use of fossil fuels absent new carbon taxes

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In the US alone, oil reserves have expanded 59% between 2000 and 2014, and natural gas reserves have expanded 94% in the same time. This requires estimates of total reserves and resources of each fossil fuel, carbon conversion factors, estimates of historical emissions, and a model to convert carbon dioxide emissions into temperature changes. Ultimately, their enactment would greatly reduce the probability that the world will have to contend with disruptive climate change.

Honda launches new “Green Path” initiatives for manufacturing and operations; new $210M paint line at Marysville with new 4C2B process

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The change from 4C3B to 4C2B. Climate Change Emissions Lifecycle analysis Manufacturing Sustainability Vehicle Manufacturers

Devil In The Details: Is Copenhagens 2 ºC Guardrail Obsolete?

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IPCC reference emissions scenarios, 2000—2100. From the opening day of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) climate negotiations in Copenhagen, also known as Conference of Parties (COP) 15, the relevance of a key threshold metric—the 2 °C maximal warming limit, or “guardrail”—has repeatedly been called into question by delegates of COP member states which are particularly vulnerable to climate change. by Jack Rosebro.

Study estimates global black carbon emissions up 72% from 1960-2007; BC emissions intensity down 52%

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Improvements in combustion technology and changes in fuel composition had led to an increase in energy use efficiency, and subsequently a decline of BC emission intensities in power plants, the residential sector, and transportation. The Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) said BC has a direct radiative forcing of +0.4 (+0.05 In China, for example, the number of motor vehicles increased from 13 million in 2000 to 78 million in 2010.

Study finds rising temperatures increase risk of unhealthy ozone levels absent sharp cuts in precursors

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The RCPs were chosen to represent a broad range of climate outcomes, based on a literature review. Warmer temperatures and other changes in the atmosphere related to a changing climate, including higher atmospheric levels of methane, spur the chemical reactions that lead to ozone. To examine the impacts of climate change on ozone pollution, NCAR scientist Gabriele Pfister and her colleagues looked at two scenarios.

NRC report projects sea level off most of California will rise at slightly higher rate than global average; lower rate for Oregon, Washington, NorCal; variety of factors affect outcome

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Projected sea-level rise off California, Oregon, and Washington for 2030 (blue), 2050 (green), and 2100 (pink), relative to 2000, as a function of latitude. Climate Change Climate models

UNEP: Existing Greenhouse Gas Reduction Pledges Unlikely To Hold Warming To 2 ºC Or Less By Mid-Century

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Each estimate has a range of uncertainty of at least 2 GtCO 2 e, reflecting different assumptions for emissions drivers such as business-as-usual (BAU) scenarios, national actions, land use change, base year emissions, future baseline emissions, and future energy intensities for different countries.

Study Concludes That to Limit Global Warming to 2 °C, Less Than 25% of Proven Fossil Fuel Reserves Can be Burnt Between Now and 2050

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The theme of the current issue of Nature is that the climate situation may be even worse than you think. Two possible futures: One in which no climate policies are implemented (red), and one with strong action to mitigate emissions (blue).

Study Concludes Colorado River Reservoirs Could Bottom Out from Warming, Water Management Business-as-Usual

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The probability of such a severe shortage by then runs as high as one-in-two, unless current water-management practices change, the researchers report in a paper to be published in the American Geophysical Union (AGU) journal Water Resources Research. Colorado River Basin including major dams.

Solar Smackdown in Torrance – Installer Sues City on Behalf of the Sun

Creative Greenius

The city attorney asked me if I would dismiss my case if the city of Torrance would change their rules. I want to change the industry here because I deal in a lot of cities, a LOT of cities. Although, not a terrible second option to have them change the rules here.