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CARB, NOAA, NASA and San Jose State University scientists team up to study ozone transported across Pacific

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As California continues to reduce local sources of ozone, ozone entering the state from the Pacific makes up a larger fraction of measured ozone levels. An ozonesonde is a balloon which measures ozone from the surface to more than 10 kilometers above the ground. over Fresno and Bakersfield between June and September.

Study quantifies impact of oil and gas emissions on Denver’s ozone problem

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em>That allows us to look at how oil and gas emissions are influencing ozone production ,” said McDuffie. McDuffie et al. Click to enlarge.

BASF launches next-generation PremAir NXT catalytic coating technology for direct ozone reduction

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BASF announced the commercial launch of PremAir NXT, a next-generation direct ozone reduction (DOR) catalytic coating technology for heat exchange surfaces such as radiators that can help automakers meet new US Tier 3 and California LEV III emissions reduction requirements. it converts ground-level ozone already in the air.

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EU emissions of ozone pollutants fall 78 per cent

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A European air pollutant report reveals a significant fall in the emissions of sulphur oxides and other ozone-forming pollutants over the last two decades.

Rice University team links PM2.5 and ozone levels with cardiac arrest

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A team from Rice University and the Houston Fire Department EMS has found a direct correlation between out-of-hospital cardiac arrests (OHCA) and levels of air pollution and ozone. micrograms) and ozone. They found a positive correlation between OHCAs and exposure to both fine particulate matter (airborne particles smaller than 2.5

Study finds São Paulo switch from ethanol to gasoline dropped local ozone levels by 20%, increased CO and nitric oxide concentrations

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A study by a pair of researchers at Northwestern University found that when fuel prices drove residents of São Paulo, Brazil, to switch from ethanol to gasoline in their flexible-fuel vehicles, local ozone levels dropped 20%. Ozone levels are relatively high in São Paulo, with hourly concentrations above 75 and 125 µg m ?3 and 5.3

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Toyota Central R&D Labs develops new ferrihydrite material that effectively removes ozone from air

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In ozone processes for water cleaning and odor removal, e.g. smoke from vehicle interiors, it could catch the unreacted O 3. Comparison of O 3.

Study finds that unregulated VSLS efficient at influencing climate through depletion of stratospheric ozone

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Although halogens released from long-lived anthropogenic substances, such as chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), are the principal cause of the recent depletion of stratospheric ozone, recent observations show that very short-lived substances (VSLS), with lifetimes generally under six months, are also an important source of stratospheric halogens.

Texas study finds PHEV use could increase ozone at night, decrease ozone during the day

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A study by researchers at the University of Texas found that in general, use of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) can lead to an increase in ozone during nighttime hours (due to decreased scavenging from both vehicles and EGU stacks) and a decrease in ozone during daytime hours. The results are less clear in Dallas and Houston.

Obama Administration withdraws proposed rulemaking on strengthened ozone standards

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In a statement released this morning, President Barack Obama said he has requested that US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Administrator Lisa Jackson withdraw the agency’s draft Ozone National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) rulemaking. Overview of January 2010 proposed revisions to ozone NAAQS. Earlier post.)

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Toyota develops tropospheric ozone-concentration simulator for South and East Asia

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have developed a simulator able to predict tropospheric ozone concentrations across the whole of South and East Asia. Tropospheric ozone is the main cause of photochemical smog, an atmospheric pollutant harmful to human health and plant growth. Tropospheric ozone can move unhindered across national boundaries.

Ethanol and Ozone

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ozone There are so many reasons ethanol shouldn't be priority #1 in America's quest for petroleum replacement. I blogged about this previously here. Yet another reason to think again about the ethanol craze in an article in today's LA Times. And only electric drive cars can operate truly zero-emission.

Air pollution may cause 35,000 premature deaths a year

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Tags: Green credentials air pollution airborne EAC Jim Fitzpatrick ozone premature deaths soot sulphur

UNEP study: small number of measures targeting black carbon and tropospheric ozone could yield immediate climate benefits

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Black carbon and tropospheric ozone are harmful air pollutants that also contribute to climate change. Click to enlarge. °C). Resources.

Study finds pollution emitted near equator has biggest impact on global ozone

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They found that the increase in ozone burden due to the spatial distribution change slightly exceeds the combined influences of the increased emission magnitude and global methane. Based on their findings, they suggested that emission increases in Southeast, East and South Asia may be most important for the ozone change. —J.

EPA tightens ground-level ozone standard to 70 ppb

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issued its final rule revising the National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) for ground-level ozone to 70 parts per billion (ppb) from 75 ppb to protect public health. Ground-level ozone forms when nitrogen oxides (NO x ) and volatile organic compounds (VOCs) react in the air. The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). to $5.9

Fluorescent Probes for Ozone Detection

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Researchers at the University of Pittsburgh have developed a fluorescent molecular probe that can selectively detect ozone—in preference to other reactive oxygen species—in both atmospheric and biological samples. Ground-level ozone exposure is a growing global health problem, especially in urban areas. Resources. Amanda L.

Obama withdraws ozone rulemaking

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USPresident Barack Obama has requested that the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) withdraw its Ozone National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) rulemaking.

Are Asian emissions to blame for US ozone levels?

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A new international study suggests that springtime ozone levels above western North America are rising mainly because of air flowing eastward from the Pacific Ocean – a trend at its largest when the air originates in Asia. This could even make it difficult for the US to meet Clean Air Act standards for ozone pollution. Published [.].

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Study finds some refrigerants less damaging to ozone layer can degrade to long-lived GHG CF4

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Some of the substitutes for ozone-damaging chemicals that being phased out worldwide under international agreements are themselves potent greenhouse gases and contribute to warming. CF 4 was one of those breakdown products. We really need to understand the chemistry of the compounds we use. —Aaron Jubb. Resources. Aaron M. Jubb, Max R.

KIT study finds extraordinarily cold Arctic stratospheric winter enhanced ozone degradation above the Arctic

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These chemical conversion products attack the ozone layer and destroy it partly. Figure: IMK-ASF, KIT) Click to enlarge. —Dr. Resources.

Study finds rising temperatures increase risk of unhealthy ozone levels absent sharp cuts in precursors

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Ozone pollution across the continental United States will become far more difficult to keep in check as temperatures rise, according to new work led by the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR). Ozone formation. Even short periods of unhealthy ozone levels can cause local death rates to rise. Scenario A2 and RCP 8.5.

EPA proposes tightening primary ozone standards to range of 65-70 ppb; final rule by October 2015

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Counties where measured ozone is above proposed range of standards, based on 2011-2013 monitoring data. Earlier this year, EPA staff had recommended the further reduction of this primary ozone standard from the current 75 ppb (parts per billion) to a revised level within the range of 70 ppb to 60 ppb—and preferably below 70 ppb. to $4.1

US EPA to Reconsider National Ozone Standards

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The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) will reconsider the 2008 primary and secondary ozone standards. In 2008, EPA established a new primary 8-hour standard for ozone of 0.075 parts per million (ppm), and a new secondary standard set at a form and level identical to the new primary standard. ppm standard, due to rounding.

Study Links Springtime Ozone Increases Above Western North America to Emissions in Asia

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Springtime ozone distributions for 1984, 1995–2008 in the mid-troposphere (3.0–8.0 km), and air mass source regions. Click to enlarge.

Ozone pollution will worsen climate change impact, study suggest

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Ground-level ozone is formed when pollutants from cars and industry react with sunlight, with the amount of ozone produced increasing as tem[.].

Study: surface ozone in India in 2005 damaged 6M tonnes of crops, enough to feed 94M people in poverty

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Ozone, the main component of smog, is a plant-damaging pollutant formed by emissions from vehicles, cooking stoves and other sources. New research shows that ozone pollution damaged millions of tons of wheat, rice, soybean and cotton crops in India in 2005. Surface ozone pollution in India damaged 6 million metric tons (6.7

Ozone concentrations can impair healthy lungs

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In the August issue of the American Thoracic Society’s American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine , it states that exposure to ozone at levels currently deemed safe by the NAAQS clean air standards can have a significant negative effect on lung function. The research found that 6.6 hours of exposure.

Airborne measurements show ozone-forming VOCs emissions from ethanol plant higher than government estimates

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VOCs and nitrogen oxides react with sunlight to form ground-level ozone, the main component of smog. The team also observed chemical transformations of the emissions from Decatur, including formation of new particles, nitric acid, peroxyacyl nitrates, aldehydes, ozone and sulfate aerosol. That is where this study fits in. Resources.

Researchers identify four new man-made gases contributing to destruction of ozone layer

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A study by an international team led by scientists at the University of East Anglia have identified four new man-made gases in the atmosphere, all of which are contributing to the destruction of the ozone layer. CFCs are the main cause of the hole in the ozone layer over Antarctica. —Laube et al. Resources. Johannes C.

Report: Rising temperatures to increase ozone levels

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A new report released by the California Air Resources Board (ARB) has sent a stark warning on the effects of climate change on ozone levels in the state’s major air basins.

Study: 87% of world’s population in 2013 lived in areas exceeding WHO PM2.5 guidelines

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Additionally, the study found that the population-weighted mean concentrations of ozone increased globally by 8.9% and ozone (O 3 ).

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US EPA proposes San Joaquin Valley, South Coast, Southeast Desert as failing to meet one hour ozone air standard

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The US Environmental Protection Agency announced that it is proposing to find that the San Joaquin Valley, and California’s South Coast and the Southeast Desert have failed to meet the 1-hour ozone standard by their required deadlines. Children and the elderly are most impacted by ozone pollution. NO x and VOCs are ozone precursors.

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Rice/EPA study finds ground-level ozone falling faster than CMAQ model predicted

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Researchers from Rice University and the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) report in a paper in the journal Atmospheric Chemistry that particularly in Northeastern cities, ozone levels dropped even beyond what was anticipated by cutting emissions of NO x from 2002 to 2006. This is good news. —Daniel Cohan, co-author. Zhou et al.

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NASA-led study identifies unprecedented depletion of stratospheric ozone layer above Arctic

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A NASA-led study has documented an unprecedented depletion of Earth’s protective ozone layer above the Arctic last winter and spring caused by an unusually prolonged period of extremely low temperatures in the stratosphere. The same ozone-loss processes occur each winter in the Arctic. Resources. Gloria L. Manney, Michelle L.

Modelling the Impact of PHEVs on Ozone in Denver

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Denver represents an interesting case study for exploring potential PHEV impacts because it violates the federal air quality standard for ozone and because several large EGUs [electricity generating units] are located in or near the urbanized area. Ozone concentration increases were modeled for small areas near central Denver. Environ.

New EPA Rules Further Reduce HCFCs to Protect Ozone Layer

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The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has announced two final rules that will further reduce the availability and use of hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs), which are primarily used as refrigerants and harm the ozone layer. Resources. The 2010 HCFC Regulations.

Study finds depletion of Antarctic ozone trumps GHG increase in shifting Southern Hemisphere jet-stream

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Depletion of Antarctic ozone is a more important factor than increasing greenhouse gases in shifting the Southern Hemisphere jet stream in a southward direction, according to researchers at Penn State. Understanding the differences between these two forcings is important in predicting what will happen as the ozone hole recovers. Brie

EPA Proposes New Tougher Ground-Level Ozone Standards

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Counties projected to violate proposed Primary 8-hour Ground-Level Ozone Standards in 2020. The United States Environmental Protection Agency has proposed the strictest standards to date for ground-level ozone. EPA is proposing an accelerated schedule for designating areas for the primary ozone standard. Source: EPA.

NOAA Study Identifies Nitrous Oxide as Top Ozone-Depleting Emission in 21st Century

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Currently, anthropogenic N 2 O emissions represent the largest contribution to ozone depletion. Source: Ravishankara et al. Click to enlarge.