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Single Pt atom catalysts show enhanced catalytic activity for water-splitting; potential to drive down electrolysis cost

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Platinum-based catalysts are generally considered to be the most effective electrocatalysts for the HER. —Cheng et al. Cheng et al. —Dr.

2016 46

New version of Argonne lifecycle model for water footprint of biofuels now includes cellulosic feedstocks

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of the online tool Water Assessment for Transportation Energy Resources ( WATER ) this week. Water footprint accounting.

Study finds perennial biofuel crops’ water consumption similar to corn

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Evapotranspiration (ET) refers to the sum total of water lost while the plant is growing, either from evaporation through the plant stem itself (a process called “transpiration”), or from water evaporated off of the plant’s leaves or the ground. —Hamilton et al. —Hamilton et al. —Stephen Hamilton. Resources.

Fuel 11

HZB, 3M team explores water management in PFIA membranes for fuel cells; better performance at higher temps and low humidity

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Researchers at Helmholtz Zentrum Berlin (HZB) teamed up with 3M to explore the water management in PFIA membranes. Credit: Heike Cords/HZB.

SRI developing process for co-gasification of methane and coal to produce liquid transportation fuels; negligible water consumption, no CO2

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Lifecycle GHG comparison. Water consumption less than 235 kg/barrel. Top: Conventional F-T process. Bottom: SRI process. Data: SRI.

Coal 19

Cavitation Technologies Announces Results of Water-Diesel Emulsion Initial Testing

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CTI) new HydroFuel water-diesel blend indicates that using 10-20% water-in-oil emulsion (diesel) allows the reduction of fuel consumption by up to 12% and reduces the emission of NO x by 40%, and that of sulfur dioxide and hydrogen sulfide by 50%. Initial testing of Cavitation Technologies, Inc.

UC Davis ITS researchers take a detailed look at water consumption and withdrawal requirements for ethanol

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Water consumption intensity of ethanol from corn grain and crop residue and the avoided/displaced water use credits assigned to coproducts: DGS and electricity. In their paper, Mishra and Yeh analyze the lifecycle water requirement consumption and withdrawal requirements of ethanol produced from corn and from crop residue.

Researchers produce hydrogen from water and charcoal mix at room temperature using laser pulses

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Photographs of a bottled mixture of Bincho-tan powder and water (a) before, (b) during, and (c) after irradiation. mL volume of water.

Geely invests in Carbon Recycling Intl.; vehicles fueled by methanol from CO2, water and renewable energy

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Geely’s CRI investment and work with renewable methanol is similar to the approach Audi is taking with its own e-fuels projects—producing very low carbon liquid or gaseous fuels using only renewable energy, water and CO 2. Their results showed that in comparison with gasoline mode, CO emitted in methanol mode decreased 11.2%.

Loop Energy collaborates with CRRC to develop fuel cell electric drive systems for heavy-duty trucks

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Canada-based Loop Energy ( earlier post ) has entered a collaboration agreement with Hunan CRRC Times Electric Vehicle Co., Ltd. (a Resources. Sean M.

2016 40

Germany now has 7,407 public charging points; 14,531 filling stations

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A survey by Germany’s BDEW (Bundesverband der Energie- und Wasserwirtschaft), an association of energy and water companies, found that the number of public charge points in the country has grown to 7,407 as of the end of 2016. 890 new charging points have been added to since mid-2016—an increase of almost 12%. Brief

Toyota pops the hood on the technology of the fuel cell Mirai at SAE World Congress

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Conventionally, this is handled by recirculating water from the FC stack air outlet to the FC stack air inlet through a humidifier. Konno et al.

2015 63

JCAP researchers propose protocol for standardized evaluation of OER catalysts for solar-fuel systems

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The OER is efficiency-limiting for direct solar and electrolytic water splitting, rechargeable metal-air batteries, and regenerative fuel cells.

Water 20

Berkeley Lab researchers devise ant-nest-like structure for promising Li-S electrodes

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The comparison of rate performance (b) and cycling performance (c) between CNT-S and CNT-nest-S cell, with a sulfur loading of 1.78 mg·cm −2.

2016 38

Siemens integrates EV motor and inverter in single housing; common cooling and SKiN

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A key feature of the integrated drive unit was therefore the creation of a special cooling water system around the motor and inverter.

2014 20

Stanford team develops new approach to overcoming capacity fading in Lithium-sulfur batteries

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b) Comparison of cycling performance at C/2 with and without the PVP modification. Credit: ACS, Zheng et al. Click to enlarge. earlier post ).

Panasonic and Tokyo Gas introduce home fuel cell unit for condominiums

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The product is the first commercialized fuel cell system in which the fuel cell unit, hot water unit and backup heat source unit can all be stored in the pipe shaft of the condominium. A pipe shaft is a space to store water and gas pipes that runs vertically through condominium floors. Water tank capacity. Hot water unit.

Renault previews new production-bound EV motor and dual-fuel gasoline/LPG engine

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Only the Power Electronic Controller continues to be cooled by water, adapted to its specific needs. Click to enlarge. Click to enlarge.

2014 20

Lifecycle Study Finds Algae as Bioenergy Feedstock Has Higher Environmental Impacts than Conventional Crops in Energy Use, GHG Emissions, and Water Use; The Importance of Using Waste Streams

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For all crops, the entire plant was used to facilitate comparison on a total energy basis. Schematic of systems considered in the study. algae.

Mercedes-Benz introducing new diesel family in E 220 d this spring; new OM 654 with 13% lower fuel consumption; diesel “indispensable”

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The cylinder spacing was reduced from 94 to 90 mm in comparison with the previous engine. —Prof. Engine. 220 d OM 654. 4/in-line. 487.5.

2016 38

Mercedes-Benz powering ahead with €3B strategic engine initiative; increasing electrification, 48V; diesel and gasoline; cylinder deactivation

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In comparison with the previous V6, the CO 2 emissions from the engine have been reduced by around 15%. —Prof. Cross-sections of the M256.

2016 34

USDA provides $91M loan guarantee to Cool Planet for biogasoline blendstock plant; biomass pyrolysis and catalytic conversion

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Gas chromatography comparison of Conoco fuel and a Conoco-CoolPlanet blend. Source: Cool Planet. Click to enlarge. Earlier post.). C to 600 ?C)

2014 28

PNNL study finds algal oil could replace 17% of US petroleum oil imports

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The study also found that shows that water use for algae cultivation is much less if algae are grown in the US regions that have the sunniest and most humid climates: the Gulf Coast, the Southeastern Seaboard and the Great Lakes. The paper is published in the journal Water Resources Research. gallons of water per mile driven.

Water 13

Ford cuts manufacturing energy use 22% in 6 years; targeting additional 25% Drop by 2016

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Other successful initiatives—highlighted in Ford’s 13th annual Sustainability Report—include reductions in water use, waste-to-landfill and CO 2 emissions as well as improvements in vehicle fuel economy and safety. The company also announced plans to reduce usage another 25% on a per-vehicle basis by 2016. Brief

Toyota reports new real-time observation method sets stage for more efficient, durable fuel cell stacks

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The new real-time observation technique could lead to a new generation of more efficient and durable fuel cell stacks, Toyota suggested. Background.

2015 26

ITM Power reports its estimated cost of producing hydrogen via electrolysis down significantly from last year

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Water price. Fueling cost comparison. ITM Power has provided an update on the cost structure of hydrogen generated by its HFuel electrolysis platform. ITM Power projects hydrogen cost at £4.19/kg (US$6.44/kg), a 32.7% reduction from last year’s £3.49/kg (US$5.36/kg), after capital amortization. 446 kg/24h. Amortization period.

KPMG study identifies 10 sustainability “megaforces” with accelerating impacts on business; imperative of sustainability changing the automotive business radically

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Water Scarcity: Water scarcity for many businesses can be a major risk to growth and development. Source: KPMG. Click to enlarge.

Study finds that environmental impact of corn-ethanol E85 is 23% to 33% higher than that of gasoline; environmental problem-shifting

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This study highlighted the environmental impacts of corn ethanol in comparison with gasoline. Environmental impacts of gasoline and E85.

Renault unveils electric ZOE e-Sport Concept; 0-100 km/h in 3.2 seconds

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By comparison, rules laid down by motorsport’s governing body the FIA, limit Formula E single-seaters to 270 bhp. seconds.

Thordon Bearings Retrofitting Ocean-Going Vessels With Seawater-Lubricated Propeller Shaft Bearings To Reduce Stern-Tube Oil Pollution; Annual Leaks Estimated at About 2x Exxon Valdez Spill

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By comparison, the Exxon Valdez oil tanker discharged 41.6 To promote early formation of a hydrodynamic film between the shaft and bearing, the lower (loaded) portion of the bearing is smooth, while the upper half of the bearing incorporates grooves for flow of the water lubricant/coolant. Thordon Water Quality Package. Craig D.

Researchers exploring development of biofilms for remediation of oilsands tailings

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Those consortia of biofilms are able to, slowly, detoxify the water. CSLM image (63x) of 3-day-old aerobically grown bio?lm lm on CBD pegs.

Renault makes public its lifecycle study of Fluence ICE vs Fluence EV

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Renault’s comparison of the carbon footprint of EV and ICE vehicles over production, operation and end of life. The EV footprint (Fluence Z.E.)

Ozone 28

TU Berlin team develops multifunctional catalyst for ORR and OER for fuel cells or rechargeable metal-air batteries

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A team from Technische Universität Berlin now reports developing cobalt-manganese-based (CoMn 2 O 4 and MnCo 2 O 4 ) spinel microspheres as highly efficient multifunctional catalysts that unify the electrochemical OER with oxidant-driven and photocatalytic water oxidation as well as the ORR. —Menezes et al. Resources. Menezes, P. Brie

Univ. of Regina researchers propose new enhanced heavy oil recovery process for Western Canada

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A paper on their work is published in the journal Fuel ; the team had earlier presented their work at 2013 SPE Heavy Oil Conference in Calgary in June.

Water 12

DOE issues $35M funding opportunity for hydrogen and fuel cell technologies

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AOI 1 Topic 1: Hydrogen Production R&D: Advanced High‐Temperature Water Splitting. The maximum DOE funding for this subtopic is $1.5M. H 2 ); 1.3

2015 43

Studies find oil sands-derived crude oil no more corrosive in pipelines than other crudes

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Guide G205 is a step toward the creation of an industry-wide standard test to measure the corrosivity of different crude oils under pipeline conditions, since it describes test methods that enable a direct comparison of the corrosivity of crude oils from various sources. In the absence of water, the crude oil is noncorrosive. Brief

U. Mich study: natural-gas-based ICE, BEV and FCV all show promise for environmental benefits relative to conventional ICE

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A mid-sized ICE vehicle driven in the United States was also investigated as a basis for comparison. water depletion potential (WDP).

A closer look at the basics of Volkswagen Group’s important new 2.0L diesel MDB engine

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The outlet is located in the bottom plate with connection to the cylinder block, which takes the return of the water. Main water circuit.

U Glasgow chemists develop new electrolyzer architecture for H2 production 30X faster than current electrolyzers at equivalent platinum loading

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Hence, if the energy source is renewable, H 2 can be produced sustainably from water using electrolysis. —Rausch et al. Click to enlarge.

Hyundai begins rollout of Ioniq Hybrid, PHEV and EV; most efficient non-plug vehicle, most efficient EV in US; powertrain discussion

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More on driving comparisons between the two when drive impressions can be released next week.) Earlier post.) Ioniq Hybrid. Click to enlarge.

2017 26