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Honda joins vehicle-to-grid technology demonstration project in partnership with University of Delaware and NRG Energy

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The Honda technology builds off of the research conducted by the University of Delaware and now supported by NRG Energy, Inc. The University of Delaware has been developing the technology so that vehicle batteries can be used not only for mobility but also for grid services. through their eV2g joint venture ( earlier post ). Battery.

Tsinghua University provincial-level lifecycle study finds fuel-cycle criteria pollutants of EVs in China could be up to 5x those of natural gas vehicles due to China’s coal-dominant power mix

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Until then, however, these NO x and SO 2 emissions are a disadvantage of EVs in comparison with CNGVs. Credit: ACS, Huo et al. Earlier post.]

Rice University engineers reverse ubiquitous metabolic pathway to enable speedy microbial production of fuels, chemicals

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Comparison of n-alcohols synthesis via the fatty acid biosynthesis pathway (top) and the engineered reversal of the ?-oxidation Resources.

Steel industry unveils design tool for material comparison in automotive applications

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The Design Advisor software was developed by Dr. Don Malen of the University of Michigan’s College of Engineering to assist automotive decision makers in evaluating and selecting the material that best fits the requirements of a given application. —Don Malen. Brief

Team from Coskata, GM and Auburn University lays out a case for cellulosic ethanol

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Comparison of yields of ethanol vs other reduced products. Natural efficiencies. —Datta et al. Source: Datta et al. Click to enlarge.

New UMTRI paper reviews major advantages and disadvantages of battery-electric and fuel-cell vehicles

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Among their findings: A note on fuel pricing and cost per mile. residential, commercial, office). mp and a fuel price of $2.35 per mile. Resources.

Plugless Power wireless electric vehicle charging systems installed With Hertz, Clemson University, and other Apollo partners

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Evatran has successfully completed the first three installations of its Plugless Power wireless electric vehicle (EV) charging technology with Apollo Launch partners The Hertz Corporation, Duke Energy, and the Clemson University International Center for Automotive Research (CU-ICAR). Earlier post.). Brief

Colorado State University Forecasters Predict Above-Average 2010 Hurricane Season

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The Colorado State University forecast team predicts an above-average 2010 Atlantic basin hurricane season based on the premise that El Niño conditions will dissipate by this summer and that anomalously warm tropical Atlantic sea surface temperatures will persist. Long-term averages are 9.6 named storms, 5.9 hurricanes and 2.3 William Gray.

Rice University, Lockheed Martin researchers developing silicon thin films for cost-effective high-performance Li-ion battery anodes

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at 200 ?A A cm -2. Credit: ACS, Thankur et al. Click to enlarge. lithium atoms per silicon atom, Li 22 Si 5. —Thankur et al. Click to enlarge.

Hanyang/BMW team develops high-energy density Li-ion battery with carbon-nanotube-Si composite anode and NCM concentration gradient cathode

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Comparison of the CNT-Si/TSFCG against the currently developed LIBs. g cm -3 ; a two-sloped full concentration gradient (TSFCG) Li[Ni 0.85

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Researchers visualize lithiation of magnetite electrode in real time; hunting for new Li-ion electrode materials

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These discharge mechanisms were then correlated with the battery’s discharge rates. Spinel transition metal oxides—e.g., —Dong Su. (a)

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CMU study suggests difficulties in reaching targeted low price points for Li-ion batteries

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However, none of these changes are sufficient to reach the DOE energy storage target of $125 kWh by 2020 , the study found. Ciez and Whitacre.

Study finds total PM10 emissions from EVs equal to those of modern ICEVs; role of weight and non-exhaust PM

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Comparison of the expected total emissions of PM10 for EVs, gasoline ICEVs and diesel ICEVs. For PM 2.5 Therefore, Victor Timmers and Peter A.J.

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Former CEO of GM China Group Phil Murtaugh joins Pinnacle Engines board; first engines launch in Asia this year

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Murtaugh earned a bachelor’s degree from Kettering University and a master’s degree in industrial management from Stanford University. In a comparison study with Honda Fit, the standard equipment achieved 36 mpg and with Pinnacle’s technology the same automobile achieved 57 mpg. Brief

Study shows viability of RCCI in a two-stroke engine; higher efficiency than direct-injection spark ignition

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A team at the Engine Research Center (ERC), University of Wisconsin-Madison has demonstrated the viability of reactivity-controlled compression ignition (RCCI) in a two-stroke engine. Earlier post.) A paper on their work is published in Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part D: Journal of Automobile Engineering. and 25.7%

Rice University researchers develop inexpensive silicon-based anode for Li-ion batteries with good capacity and cycle life

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Comparison of the discharge capacity and coulombic efficiency of MPSPs/PPAN anodes at various ratios versus cycle number. Thakur et al. Click to enlarge. Earlier post.) The new anode material can achieve more than 1,000 mAh/g capacity over more than 600 charge-discharge cycles. We previously reported on making porous silicon films. Resources.

NC State team develops new Si/C inverter; 12.1 kW/L & greater efficiency in a smaller, lighter package

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By way of comparison, a 2010 electric vehicle could achieve only 4.1 The new SiC-based inverter has a power density of 12.1 kW/L by 2020.

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Argonne and Hanyang University Develop New High-Energy Cathode Material With Improved Thermal Stability; Good Fit for PHEV Applications

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Comparison of cycling performance of half cell based on bulk Li[Ni 0.64 SEM of Li[Ni 0.64 Co 0.18 From Sun et al. 2009). Click to enlarge.

Michigan State University Receives $2.5M ARPA-E Award to Build Wave Disc Engine/Generator for Series Hybrid Applications

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Researchers from Michigan State University have been awarded $2.5 Source: MSU. Click to enlarge. Norbert Müller. The Wave Disc Engine. 2004).

Ioxus introduces high-temperature ultracapacitors with Titan technology; targeting automotive and transport

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Ioxus draws a direct comparison to Maxwell’s DuraBlue technology, which cannot survive under the same conditions, Ioxus claims. Ioxus vs. Maxwell, comparison endurance testing 2.7V In 2013, a team from Rice University reported designing supercapacitor reliable at temperatures of up to 200 ?C Earlier post.). Bottom. at 85 ?C.

SAE REX: PHEVs and REEVs could open door for advanced combustion regime engines

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One example of the potential for low-temperature combustion (LTC) engine technology for range extended electric vehicles (REEV) presented at the Symposium was work by Ali Solouk and Assistant Professor Mahdi Shahbakhti at Michigan Technological University. This fuel economy improvement is reduced to 3% in comparison to a modern CI (i.e.

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New prelithiation technique for silicon monoxide anodes for high-performance batteries; compatible with current roll-to-roll manufacturing

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Comparison of the gravimetric energy densities for various full-cells. Co 0.15 Co 0.15 Al 0.05 ]O 2 , respectively. Credit: ACS, Kim et al.

University of Wisconsin Team Develops High-Yielding Chemical Hydrolysis Process to Release Sugars from Biomass for Cellulosic Fuels and Chemicals

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A University of Wisconsin-Madison research team has developed a chemical process for the hydrolysis of biomass into sugars for subsequent processing into fuels and chemicals that delivers sugar yields approaching those of enzymatic hydrolysis. Furthermore, the hydrolysate products are readily converted into ethanol by microorganisms. 107 no.

Faradion demonstrates proof-of-concept sodium-ion electric bike

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Oxford University was also a partner. E-bike powered by Faradion prototype Na-ion battery pack. Click to enlarge. Earlier post.) Earlier post.).

University of Wisconsin Researchers Investigating Dual-Fuel (Gasoline and Diesel) Partially Premixed Combustion for High-Efficiency, Ultra-Low Emission Combustion; 53% Thermal Efficiency

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The dual-fuel PCCI strategy showed thermal efficiency of 53%. Source: Rolf Reitz. Click to enlarge. The green line is the US 2010 baseline. Rolf Reitz.

U Toronto study measures GDI emissions in urban near-road environment

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In four campaigns over the year-long study, the team from the University of Toronto measured emissions 15 meters from the roadway, then converted the measurements to fuel-based emission factors (EFs). For three campaigns, a second platform for measuring PN and CO 2 was placed 1.5–3 m from the roadway. —Zimmerman et al. Resources.

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UC Riverside reinforcement-learning-based real-time energy management system can improve PHEV efficiency by almost 12%

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Researchers at the University of California, Riverside’s Bourns College of Engineering have demonstrated that a new, data-driven, reinforcement-learning-based, real-time energy management system (EMS) can improve the efficiency of current plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) by almost 12% compared to the standard, binary mode control strategy.

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Ricardo: achieving light-duty diesel RDE NOx compliance in urban driving is possible, at a price

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The cost comparison is with respect to a Euro 5 baseline. The SIA conference was focused on clean compression-ignition engines of the future.

Lux: future use of wide bandgap materials in power electronics will reduce EV cost

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The US Department of Energys Advanced Power Electronics and Electric Motors ( APEEM ) is spending $69 million this year and defining performance and cost targets; the Japanese government funds a joint industry and university R&D program that includes Toyota, Honda and Nissan. Power savings in plug-in vehicles versus total savings per car.

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UMTRI study finds US diesel vehicles generally have lower total cost of ownership than gasoline vehicles

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Highlights from the diesel-gasoline comparisons include: Total Cost of Ownership. Source: UMTRI. Click to enlarge. Fuel Efficiency. Fuel Costs.

OSU team develops new aqueous lithium-iodine solar flow battery; 20% energy savings over Li-I batteries

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Bottom: prototype under development at The Ohio State University. Photo by Kevin Fitzsimons, courtesy of The Ohio State University.

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Stanford team develops new approach to overcoming capacity fading in Lithium-sulfur batteries

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b) Comparison of cycling performance at C/2 with and without the PVP modification. Credit: ACS, Zheng et al. Click to enlarge. earlier post ).

U-Michigan, IBM collaborate on data-centric high performance computing system

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The University of Michigan is collaborating with IBM to develop and deliver “ data-centric ” supercomputing systems designed to increase the pace of scientific discovery in fields as diverse as aircraft and rocket engine design, cardiovascular disease treatment, materials physics, climate modeling and cosmology. Earlier post.).

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Vertically aligned sulfur-graphene nanowall cathodes for Li-sulfur batteries deliver high capacity and rate performance

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1 in comparison with S-G-2. (d) A g –1 ). Electrochemical properties of vertically aligned S-G nanowalls as Li-S battery cathode. (a) and 3.0

Antimony/carbon nanocomposite anode for Na-ion battery shows high capacity and stability

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A comparison of the cycling capacities of the metallic Sb and the Sb/C nanocomposite electrode at a current rate of 100 mA/g. Click to enlarge.

Univ of Utah studies find up to 27 seconds of mental distraction for drivers after using new hands-free technologies

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University of Utah psychology professor David Strayer, senior author of the two new studies. The smartphone assistants’ scores were 0.3

NREL: battery second use offsets EV expense, improves grid stability; recommendations

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In comparison to automotive service, use in this application will entail relatively benign duty cycles, generally much less than one cycle per day with discharge durations of greater than one hour. Laboratories, Universities, Future Repurposers, and other Third Parties. PEV battery life cycle with second use. Source: NREL. Resources.

Rice team develops “antenna-reactor” plasmonic catalysts for increased energy savings and efficiency in catalytic processes

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Swearer/Rice University) Click to enlarge. Swearer et al. Click to enlarge. —Swearer. Image courtesy of D. —Dayne Swearer. Dayne F.

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Lifecycle study finds fuel switching from diesel to natural gas could produce net climate damage absent reductions in CH4 emissions and improved vehicle efficiency

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addressing leakage) and efficiency improvements in the natural gas vehicles themselves. —Camuzeaux et al. They also examined an 8.9 Resources.

Hunan team develops new strategy to prolong cycle life of Li-S batteries

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e) Discharge capacity comparison of S/rGO electrodes with CoS 2 /CP interlayer and CP interlayer at various rates. (f) mAh g −1 at 0.2 Ma et al.